Number 3 2006

Ago Künnap, On the Uralic (*)m-Accusative
(full article in PDF format)
Abstract. A language universal supposed by L. Palmaitis is worded as follows: "In those systems where the special form of accusative is attested, the category of gender does exist." A. P. Volodin groups Uralic languages with those that are known as being of an accusativeless structure: Uralic languages are accusativeless because in those languages there is no individual case form for a direct object (thus in the case of an object the (*)m-suffixe expresses its unmarkedness/markedness, indefiniteness/definiteness). If Uralic languages lack the category of grammatical gender (and there is no doubt about its lacking), then it does not make sense to look for an actual grammatical accusative case in them. We would consider the incidence of the Samoyedic common object suffix (*)m- as very old in Samoyedic languages, as a primary phenomenon, so to say.
Keywords: Uralic, morphology, accusative.

Pille Penjam, Development of the Modal Function of the Verb tulema 'come' in Written Estonian
(full article in PDF format)
Abstract. The central grammatical function of the verb tulema 'come' in Modern Estonian is to express the modality of obligation and necessity; a modal construction related to the verb tulema is one of the most essential means of expressing agent-oriented obligation. The article offers an overview how modal constructions of the verb tulema appeared and developed in Written Estonian in the 17th—20th centuries and presents suggestions about possible genesis of the construction. It is possible to formulate different hypotheses about the development of the modal usage of the verb tulema. One possible source of analogy could be detected in the influence of neighbouring Indo-European languages; however, for development of tulema-construction there probably were not enough examples in the contact languages. One might think that the modal tulema-construction could have existed considerably earlier in the spoken language than in its written version. In case we still suppose that written language reflects the development of tulema-construction adequately, we could consider the modal olema-construction as a possible example.
Keywords: Estonian, agent-oriented modality, modal verbs, necessive constructions, written language, history of Estonian.

Tamara Prokuševa, Fonetitšeskaja struktura kornja i suffiksal'nych morfem v komi jazyke
Tamara P r o k u š e v a, Über die phonetische Struktur der Wortstämme und Suffixmorpheme in der Komi-Sprache
(full article in PDF format)
Abstract. The article is devoted to the structure of stem and suffix morphemes of the Komi language. The author singles out 14 phonetic models of stem morphemes. She also attempts to explain why the models are so many. The second part of the article dwells on suffix models and how to structure them on the basis of main phonemes' presence. The article defines the vowel and consonant phonemes not appearing in suffix morphemes. The existence of a triple-phoneme suffix structure is explained by a simplification process, some morphological processes, grammatization of certain words and parts of speech, and borrowings from the Russian language.
Keywords: Komi, stem morphemes, suffix morphemes.

M. D. Ignatov, Ust'jevaja komi toponimija (-ым, -им, -ом, -ум v komi toponimii)
M. D. I g n a t o v, Flussmündungstoponymik im Komi-Syrjänischen (-ым, -им, -ом, -ум in dortigen Ortsnamen)
(full article in PDF format)
Abstract. The conclusion reads that Komi place names ending in -ым, -им, -ом and -ум originate in Komi words. They all belong to a large group of Komi toponyms denoting separate places situated in river mouths, or various objects situated in those places. The elements -ым, -им, -ом and -ум represent dialectal variants of a Komi word for river mouth.
Keywords: Komi, toponyms.


Aleksandr Jegorov, Iz istorii izutšenija udmurtskoj frazeologii
(full article in PDF format)
Abstract. A survey is given of the history and present state of Udmurt phraseological studies.
Keywords: Udmurt, phraseology.

Elga K a g a i n e, Lokālie somugrismi latviešu valodas Ziemeļrietumvidzemes izloksnēs, Rīga, LU Latviešu valodas intitūts, 2004. Rez. von Lembit Vaba
(full article in PDF format)

A. P. G u s' k o v a, Vengersko-russkij i russko-vengerskij slovar', Moskva 2005. Rets. G. I. Jermuškin
(full article in PDF format)

O. L. K a r l o v a, -l-ovaja model' v toponimii Karelii. Dissertatsija na soiskanie utšenoj stepeni kandidata filologitšeskich nauk, Petrozavodsk 2004. Rets. Anatolij Kuklin
(full article in PDF format)

O. K. J a m a š k i n a, Funktsional'naja znatšimost' posleložnych konstruktsij v mokšanskom jazyke. Dissertatsija na soiskanie utšenoj stepeni kandidata filologitšeskich nauk, Saransk 2005. Rets. Anatolij Kuklin
(full article in PDF format)

I. V. K a z a n c e v a, Funktsional'no-semantitšeskoje pole komparativnosti v marijskom literaturnom jazyke. Dissertatsija na soiskanie utšenoj stepeni kandidata filologitšeskich nauk, Joškar-Ola 2005. Rets. A. N. Rakin
(full article in PDF format)

Helmi Neetar, Vilja Oja, Pire Teras, Rückblick auf die Linguistiksektionen des 10. Internationalen Finnougristenkongresses
(full article in PDF format)

Auf der Titelseite: Kirche im livischen Dorf Irē (Mazirbe) (Foto Mati Hint)