In recent years, Muslim scholars have written on the need of the revival of Islamic science and its philosophical foundation. The main aim of this paper is to examine the views of Sayyed Hossein Nasr, who is considered as one of the pioneers in the area of the revival of Islamic science. Other than Nasr, Muslim scholars argued that the Islamic science is different from modern Western science in terms of its purpose and philosophical foundation and delineated their viewpoints within the philosophical foundation of modern Western science. In terms of method, Islamic science may not be different from modern Western science but it differs in its philosophy and purpose. This paper uses a qualitative method employing content analysis to examine the insights of Seyyed Hossein Nasr critically and analytically with reference to other scholars such as Muzaffar Iqbal, Naquib al Attas, Osman Bakar, Alparsalan and Ziauddin Sardar.
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