The aim of this study is to survey and explore the history and development of language policy and planning (LPP) in Saudi Arabia. It did not only probe into Arabic, which is the national language but also attempted to discover the relationship between Arabic and foreign languages functioning in the country, including English as manifested in policy documents. The method of data analysis was qualitative. It followed the historical-structural and the discourse-analytical approaches to language policy and planning research. The source of the data used in the analysis was a monograph of the collection of language policy and planning statements compiled by King Abdullah International Centre for Arabic Language (KAICAL). The major findings of the analysis of the texts in this document showed that the modern Saudi State has paid careful attention to language planning issues since its inception. Across the history of the Kingdom until today, language issues have been of central concern and various policy statements have attempted to cover status, corpus, acquisition, and prestige planning. The rationale has always been coping with economic, social, political, and educational changes. Cultural, religious, and national identity of the Kingdom is always present in most of language policy and planning and plays a key guiding role. The power relation between Arabic and foreign languages in Saudi Arabia national and international concerns was clearly addressed in the policy document. The intertextuality traced among the policy statements provided strong evidence of cohesion in the language planning situation in Saudi Arabia.
Alseqair, K. (2017) “Linguistic attitudes of Saudi Mehri people towards Mehri and Arabic language: an ethnographic study”. Language Planning and Policy 4, 53–72. Available online at <https://kaica.org.sa/links/emags/takhteet_issue_04.pdf>. Accessed on 15.04.2019.
Barnawi, O. Z., and S. Al-Hawsawi (2017) “English education policy in Saudi Arabia: English language education policy in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia: current trends, issues and challenges”. In English language education policy in the Middle East and North Africa, 199–222. Cham: Springer.
Bitar, S. (2011) “Language, identity, and Arab nationalism: case study of Palestine”. Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies 5, 4, 48–64.
Cooper, R. L. (1989) Language planning and social change. Cambridge University Press.
Donakey, A. (2007) Language planning and policy in Manchester. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Manchester. Manchester, United Kingdom.
Elyas, T., and O. Badawood (2016) “English language educational policy in Saudi Arabia post 21st century: enacted curriculum, identity, and modernisation: a critical discourse analysis approach”. FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education 3, 3, 3.
Fairclough, N. (1992) “Intertextuality in critical discourse analysis”. Linguistics and education 4, 269–293.
Faruk, S. M. G. (2013) “English language teaching in Saudi Arabia – a world system perspective”. Transactions on Modern Languages 12, 1-2, 73–80.
García, O. (2010) “Language spread and its study in the twenty-first century”. In The Oxford handbook of applied linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hornberger, N. H. (2015) “Selecting appropriate research methods in LPP research: methodological rich points”. In Francis M. Hult and David Cassels Johnson, eds. Research methods in language policy and planning: a practical guide, 9–20. Chichester: Wiley.
Hult, F. M., and D. C. Johnson (2015) “Introduction: the practice of language policy research”. In Francis M. Hult and David Cassels Johnson, eds. Research methods in language policy and planning: a practical guide, 1–5. Chichester: Wiley.
Johnson, D. C. (2015) “Intertextuality and language policy”. In Francis M. Hult and David Cassels Johnson, eds. Research methods in language policy and planning: a practical guide, 166–180. Chichester: Wiley.
Kaplan, R. and R. Baldauf (1997) “Language planning: from practice to theory”. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
Kirkpatrick, R. (2017) “English language education policy in the Middle East and North Africa”. Cham: Springer.
Kloss, H. (1969) “Research possibilities on group bilingualism: a report”. Quebec: International Center for Research on Bilingualism.
Marzouq, T. A. M. (2017) Blowing off the dust: towards salvaging the forgotten Mehri tongue in Saudi Arabia”. Annual Review of Education, Communication & Language Sciences 14.
May, S., and N. H. Hornberger, eds. (2008) Encyclopedia of language and education: language policy and political issues in education. Cham: Springer.
Momani, K., M. A. Badarneh, and F. Migdadi (2010) “Intertextual borrowings in ideologically competing discourses: the case of the Middle East”. Journal of Intercultural Communication 22.
Mühlhäusler, P. (2000) “Language planning and language ecology”. Current Issues in Language Planning 1, 3, 306–367.
Payne, M., and M. Almansour (2014) “Foreign language planning in Saudi Arabia: beyond English”. Current Issues in Language Planning 15, 3, 327–342.
Ricento, T., ed. (2009) An introduction to language policy: theory and method. Chichester: Wiley.
Saleh, M. I. (2017) “Role of Saudi Arabia in Arabic language spread and improvement of its teaching”. Language Planning and Policy 4, 7–25. Available online at <https://kaica.org.sa/links/emags/takhteet_issue_04.pdf> Accessed on 15.04.2019
Sallabank, J. (2012) “Diversity and language policy for endangered languages”. In Bernard Spolsky, ed. In B. Spolsky, ed. The Cambridge handbook of language policy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Spolsky, B., ed. (2012) The Cambridge handbook of language policy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Suleiman, Y. (2003) The Arabic language and national identity: a study in ideology. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Tollefson, J. W. (2015) “Historical-structural analysis”. In Francis M. Hult and David Cassels Johnson, eds. Research methods in language policy and planning: a practical guide, 140–151. Chichester: Wiley.
Wright, S. (2012) “Language policy, the nation and nationalism”. In B. Spolsky, ed. The Cambridge handbook of language policy, 59–79. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.