ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
SINCE 1997
 
TRAMES cover
TRAMES. A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 1736-7514 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-0922 (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.5

MAPPING LIFE STORIES OF EXILED LATVIANS; 145–157

Full article in PDF format | https://doi.org/10.3176/tr.2019.2.02

Author
Ieva Garda-Rozenberga

Abstract

By using the framework of digital humanities and narrative research, I will discuss why and how to map life stories of exiled Latvians, what problems can occur during the mapping oral history, and what are the first/main results and visualizations of the ongoing research. Thereby, the basis of the article is the fundamental research in humanities whose approach regarding the use of IT will be twofold: (1) applicatory – employing IT tools and digital humanities methods for data procession, visualization and analysis; (2) reflexive – bringing under scrutiny the opportunities of digital scholarship in oral history. This will allow sharing the new knowledge and ways of research about oral history and migration issues in Latvia.


References

Life stories cited

 Interview with Marta, National Oral History Archive catalogue reference NMV-35.

Interview with Valida, National Oral History Archive catalogue reference NMV-56.

Interview with Harijs, National Oral History Archive catalogue reference NMV-204.

Interview with Anda, National Oral History Archive catalogue reference NMV-205.

Interview with Jānis, National Oral History Archive catalogue reference NMV-445.

 References

 Bela, Baiba, Ieva Garda-Rozenberga, and Māra Zirnite, (2016) “Migratory memories between Latvia and Sweden”. Oral History 44, 2, 69–80.

Bradbury, Malcolm, ed. (1996) The atlas of literature. London: De Agostini Editions.

Buckingham, William R. and Samuel F. Dennis Jr. (2009) “Cartographies of participation: how the changing natures of cartography has opened community and cartographer collaboration”. Cartographic Perspectives 64, 55–61.
https://doi.org/10.14714/CP64.150

Bula, Dace (2002) “Ievadam”. In Agita Lūse, ed. Cilvēks. Dzīve. Stāstījums. 7–9, Rīga: Latviešu antropologubiedrība.

Caquard, Sébastien (2011) “Cartography I: mapping narrative cartography”. Progress in Human Geography 37, 1, 135–144.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0309132511423796

Caquard, Sébastien and William Cartwright (2014) “Narrative cartography: from mapping stories to the narrative of maps and mapping”. The Cartographic Journal 51, 2, 101–106.
https://doi.org/10.1179/0008704114Z.000000000130

Caquard, Sébastien and Stefanie Dimitrovas (2017) “Story Maps & Co. Un état de l’art de la cartographie des récits sur Internet/Story Maps & Co. The state of the art of online narrative cartography”. M@ppemonde 12. Available online at <http://mappemonde.mgm.fr/121_as1 /#englishversion>. Accessed on 26.02.2019.

Corbeil, Laurent (2019) “Walking to the northern mines: Mesoamerican migration in New Spain”. In Tabea Linhard and Timothy H. Parsons, eds. Mapping migration, identity, and space, 21–53. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-77956-0_2

Dunn, Stuart (2017). “Praxes of ‘the human’ and ‘the digital’: spatial humanities and the digitization of place”. GeoHumanities 3, 1, 88–107.
https://doi.org/10.1080/2373566X.2016.1245107

Elwood, Sarah and Meghan Cope (2009) “Introduction. qualitative GIS: forging mixed methods through representations, analytical innovations, and conceptual engagements”. In Sarah Elwood and Meghan Cope, eds. Qualitative GIS: a mixed methods approach, 1–10. London: Sage.
https://doi.org/10.4135/9780857024541.n1

Gordillo, Gastón (2004) Landscapes of devils: tensions of place and memory in the Argentinean Chaco. Durham and London: Duke University Press.
https://doi.org/10.1215/9780822386025

Hague, Cliff (2005) “Planning and place identity”. In Cliff Hague and Paul Jenkins, eds. Place identity, participation and planning, 2–14, London and New York: Routledge.
https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203646755

Hall, Peter and Janet Abrams (2006) Else/where: mapping new cartographies of networks and territories. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Design Institute.

High, Steven (2016) “Mapping memories of displacement: oral history, memoryscapes and mobile methodologies”. In Robert Perks and Alistair Thomson, eds. The oral history reader, 556–568, London and New York: Routledge.

Hinkle, Maija (2005) “American Latvian association’s oral history project ‘exile life narratives’”.
In Māra Zirnīte and Maija Hinkle, eds. Oral history sources of Latvia – history, culture
and society through life stories
. 115–119, Riga: Latvijas Mutvārdu vēstures asociācija “Dzīvesstāsts”.

Jansone, Aija and Inta Robežniece, eds. (2008) 90 Latvijas gadi 1918–2008. Rīga: Latvijas Nacionālais vēstures muzejs.

Kangeris, Kārlis (2000) “Trimdas sākumi: Latvijas pavalstniekikaralaikā Vācijā”. In Trimdas arhīviatgriežas: latviešubēgļugaitas Vācijā. Starptautiskas konferences materiāli, 5–1.Rīga: Latvijas Valsts arhīvs.

Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, Barbara (1983) “Studying immigrant and ethnic folklore”. In Richard Dorson, ed. Handbook of American folklore, 39–47, Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Knigge, Ladona and Meghan Cope (2006) “Grounded visualization: integrating the analysis of qualitative and quantitative data through grounded theory and visualization”. Environment and Planning 38, 2021–2037.
https://doi.org/10.1068/a37327

Knopf, Christina (2014) “Sense-making and map-making: war letters as personal geographies” Special Issue on Cartography and Narrative, NANO: New American Notes Online, 6. Available online at<https://nanocrit.com/issues/issue6/sense-making-map-making-war-letters-personal-geographies>. Accessed on 26.02.2019.

Knowles, Anne Kelly, Levi Westerveld, and Laura Strom (2015) “Inductive visualization: a humanistic alternative to GIS”. GeoHumanities 1, 2, 233–265.
https://doi.org/10.1080/2373566X.2015.1108831

Kwan, Mei-Po and Guoxiang Ding (2008) “Geo-narrative: extending geographic information systems for narrative analysis in qualitative and mixed-method research”. The Professional Geographer 60, 4, 443–465.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00330120802211752

Ķīlis, Roberts (1998) “Sociālā atmiņa un nacionālā identitāte Latvijā”. In Roberts Ķīlis, ed. Atmiņa un vēsture. No antropoloģijas līdz psiholoģijai, 113–130, Rīga: NIMS.

Lasmane, Valentīne (1993) Pāri jūrai 1944./45. g. Rīga: Memento Latvija.

Linhard, Tabea (2019) “Moving barbed wire: geographies of border crossing during World War II”. In Tabea Linhard and Timothy H. Parsons, eds. Mapping migration, identity, and space, 117–136. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-77956-0_5

Linhard, Tabea and Timothy H. Parsons (2019) “Introduction: how does migration take place?” In Tabea Linhard and Timothy H. Parsons, eds. Mapping migration, identity, and space, 1–20, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-77956-0_1

Macfarlane, Robert (2007) The wild places. London: Granta Books and Penguin Books.

Madden, Marguerite and Amy Ross (2009) “Genocide and GIScience: integrating personal narratives and geographic information science to study human rights”. The Professional Geographer 61, 4, 508–526.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00330120903163480

Massey, Doreen (1991) “A global sense of place”. Marxism Today 35, 24–29.

Massey, Doreen(2005) For space. London: SAGE.

Opp, James and John Walsh (2010) “Introduction: local acts of placing and remembering”. In James Oppand John C. Walsh, eds. Placing memory and remembering place in Canada, 3–21, Vancouver and Toronto: UBC Press.

Pearce, Margaret Wickens (2008) “Framing the days: place and narrative in cartography”. Cartography and Geographic Information Science 35, 1, 17–32.
https://doi.org/10.1559/152304008783475661

Piatti, Barbara, Hans Rudolf Bär, Anne-Kathrin Reuschel, Lorenz Hurni, and William Cartwright (2009) “Mapping literature: towards a geography of fiction”. In William Cartwright, Georg Gartner, and Antje Lehn, eds. Cartography and art, 177–192, Berlin and Heidelberg: Springer.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-68569-2_15

Reinsone, Sanita (2017) Apmaldīšanās poētika, stāstos un sarunās. Rīga: LU Literatūras, folkloras un mākslas institūts.

Stadler, Jane, Peta Mitchell, and Stephen Carleton (2016) Imagined landscapes. geovisualizing Australian spatial narratives. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Strods, Heinrihs (2006) “Latvijas pilsoņu repatriācija no Rietumiem 1945.–1953. gadā”. Latvijas Vēsture 4, 87–99.

Tasker, Nick (1999) “Chairman’s message”. The Society of Cartographers Newsletter, July, 1.

Tuan, Yi-Fu(1991) “Language and the making of place: a narrative-descriptive approach”. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 81, 4, 684–696.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8306.1991.tb01715.x

Tilley, Christopher (1994) A phenomenology of landscape: places, paths, and monuments. Oxford: Berg.

Veigners, Ilgvars (2009) Latvieši rietumzemēs. Rīga: Drukātava.

Zirnīte, Māra (2001) “Dzīvesstāstu liecinājums”. In Zirnīte, Māra, ed. Latvijas mutvārdu vēsture. Spogulis,9–17. Rīga: LU Filozofijas un socioloģijas institūts.


Back to Issue