eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
SINCE 1997
TRAMES cover
TRAMES. A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 1736-7514 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-0922 (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.5


Full article in PDF format |

Artūras Tereškinas, Apolonijus Žilys


Drawing on the population survey of social exclusion in Lithuanian cities, the article examines how residents’ distrust of their power to change neighborhoods and influence local authority decisions reflects more general processes of sociospatial segregation and differentiation. We argue that this distrust is spatially driven, although there is a limited evidence to suggest consistent sociospatial differentiation between prestigious city areas (city centers and suburbs) and low-end zones (working-class neighbor­hoods and Soviet-era housing areas). Pointing to the residents’ emotions of distrust and powerlessness related to ‘messy’ social exclusion processes, the article contributes to the research of both emotional geography and sociospatial differentiation in post-socialist cities.


Acus, Arūnas (2011) “Nusikalstamumo raida Klaipėdoje 1990–2000 metais: kultūros ir nusižengimų santykis”. Tiltai 57, 4, 13–28.

Aidukaitė, Jolanta (2013) “Būsto politika skirtinguose gerovės modeliuose”. Sociologija: mintis ir veiksmas 33, 2, 304–320.

Aidukaitė, Jolanta, Anna Lipnevič, Saulius Nefas, Alvita Narkevičiūtė and Fausta Anulytė (2014) Būsto politika ir visuomenės iniciatyvos mieste. Vilnius: LSTC.

Andersen, Hans Skifter (2002) “Can deprived housing areas be revitalised? Efforts against segrega­tion and neighbourhood decay in Denmark and Europe”. Urban Studies 39, 4, 767–790.

Andersen, Hans Skifter (2008) “Is the private rented sector an efficient producer of housing service? Private landlords in Denmark and their economic strategies”. European Journal of Housing Policy 8, 3, 263–286.

Andersen, Hans Skifter (2011) “Motives for tenure choice during the life cycle: the importance of non-economic factors and other housing preferences”. Housing, Theory and Society 28, 2, 183–207.

Anderson, Kay and Susan Smith (2001) “Editorial: emotional geographies”. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 26, 1, 7–10.

Andruzs, Gregory, Michael Harloe, and Iván Szelényi, eds. (1996) Cities after Socialism: urban and regional change and conflict in post-Socialist societies. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Atkinson, Rowland and Keith Kintrea (2001) “Disentangling area effects: evidence from deprived and non-deprived neighbourhoods”. Urban Studies 38, 12, 2277–2298.

Bar-Tal, Daniel (2001) “Why does fear override hope in societies engulfed by intractable conflict, as it does in the israeli society?” Political Psychology 22, 601–627.

Barbalet, Jack (1998) Emotion, social theory, and social structure: a macrosociological approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Blokland, Talja (2003) Urban bonds: social relationships in an inner city neighbourhood. Cambridge: Polity.

Burneika, Donatas (2003) “Urbanizuotos aplinkos kaitos konfliktiškumas: tyrimo ir prognozavimo prielaidos”. Geografijos metraštis 36, 165–173.

Burneika, Donatas, Edis Kriaučiūnas and Rūta Ubarevičienė (2010) “The problem of research of actors of urban change in post-Soviet cities – Vilnius case”. Annales Geographicae 43–44, 42–53.

Castells, Manuel (1976) “The theory and ideology in urban sociology”. In Chris G. Pickvance, ed. Urban sociology: critical essays, 147–174. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Charles, Camille Z. (2005) “Can we live together? Racial preferences and neighbourhood outcomes”. In Xavier de Sousa Briggs, ed. The geography of opportunity: race and housing choice in metropolitan America, 45–81. Washington, D.C.: Brooking Institution Press.

Ceccato, Vania and Nijole Lukyte (2010) “Safety and sustainability in a city in transition: the case of Vilnius, Lithuania”. Cities 28, 83–94.

Dangschat, Jens S. (2009) “Space matters – marginalization and its places”. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 33, 3, 835–840.

Daunora, Zigmas J. and Pranciškus Juškevičius (2006) “Regional planning in Lithuania – experiences and challenges”. In Uwe Altrock, Simon Güntner, Sandra Huning, and Deike Peters, eds. Spatial planning and urban development in the New EU member states: from adjustment to reinvention, 77–94. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Davidson, Joyce and Christine Milligan (2004) “Embodying emotion, sensing space: introducing emotional geographies”. Social and Cultural Geography 5, 523–532.

Dijokienė, Dalia and Petras Džervus (2011) “XX a. masinės statybos gyvenamųjų kompleksų fenomenas Lietuvoje Europiniame industrinės statybos kontekste”. Urbanistika ir architektūra 35, 2, 92–103.

Dillabough, Jo-Anne and Jacqueline Kennelly (2010) Lost youth in the global city: class, culture, and the urban imaginary. New York: Routledge.

Everts, Jonathan and Lauren Wagner (2012) “Guest editorial: practising emotions”. Emotion, Space and Society 5, 3, 174–176.

Grunskis, Tomas (2005) “Vietos tapatumo krizė Vilniaus centro raidoje (erdvės morfologijos diskurse)”. Urbanistika ir architektūra 29, 1, 13–18.

Harth, Annette, Ulfert Herlyn and Gitta Scheller (1998) “Segregation in eastern German cities: gentrification, downgrading of large estates, and suburbatnization”. Journal of Housing and the Built Enviroment 13, 4, 421–437.

Hearn, Jeff (2008) “Feeling out of Place? Towards the transnationalizations of emotions”. In Stephen Fineman, ed. The Emotional Organization: Passions and Power, 184–201. Oxford: Black­well Publishing.

Juškevicius, Pranciškus (2006) “Vilniaus miesto socialinės erdvės ir deviacijos”. Urbanistika ir architektūra 2, 69–77.

Klaipėdos miesto bendrojo plano stebėsena (2013) Report. Available online at <http://>. Accessed on September, 12, 2016.

Kleinhans, Reinout (2006) “Residents’ social capital after neighbourhood transformation”. InVincent Gruis, Henk Visscher, and Reinout Kleinhans, eds. Sustainable Neighbourhood Trans­formation, 67–93. Amsterdam: IOS Press.

Kleinhans, Reinout (2009) “Does social capital affect respondents’ propensity to move out from restructured neighborhoods”. Housing Studies 24, 370–384.

Kraniauskas, Liutauras (2012a) “Miesto erdvė ir subkultūrų dinamika Klaipėdoje 1991–2010 m. (1)”. Sociologija: mintis ir veiksmas 30, 1, 165–209.

Kraniauskas, Liutauras (2012b) “Miesto erdvė ir subkultūrų dinamika Klaipėdoje 1991–2010 m. (2)”. Sociologija: mintis ir veiksmas 31, 2, 153–186.

Lavrinec, Jekaterina (2011) “Revitalization of public space: from ‘non-places’ to creative playgrounds”. Santalka 19, 2, 70–75.

Lukošius, Saulius et al. (2003) Kauno miesto savivladybės teritorijos bendrasis planas. Kaunas: Kauno SĮ “Kauno planas”.

Maniukaitė, Gražina, Arvydas Virgilijus Matulionis, Vida Kasparavičienė, Eugenija Krukauskienė, Lilija Kublickienė, Eduardas Kęstutis Sviklas, Inija Trinkūnienė, and Viktorija Žilinskaitė-Vytienė (2014) Vilniečių kultūrinis tapatumas: 1993-2013 metai. Vilnius: LSTC.

Massey, Doreen (2005) For space. London: Sage.

Massey, Doreen (2007) Categorically unequal: the American stratification system. New York: Russel Sage Foundation.

Massey, Douglas S. and Nancy A. Denton (1988) “The dimensions of residential segregation”. Social Forces 67, 281–315.

Mirowsky, John and Catherine E. Ross (2009) “Neighborhood disorder, subjective alienation, and distress”. Journal of Health and Social Disorder 50, 1, 49–64.

Nussbaum, Martha (2003) Upheavals of thought: the intelligence of emotions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pattaroni, Luca and Yves Pedrazzini (2010) “Insecurity and segregation: rejecting an urbanism of fear”. In Pierre Jacquet, R. K. Pachauri, and Laurence Tubiana, eds. Cities steering towards sustainability, 177–187. Delhi: TERI Press.

Pauwels, Lieve J. R. and Robert Svensson (2014) “Micro-place disorder, subjective powerlessness and violent youth group involvement: testing an integrative control theory”. International Journal of Criminology and Sociology 3, 200–221.

Pedrazzini, Yves and Godefroy Desrosiers-Lauzon (2011) “Asphalt bandits: fear, insecurity, and uncertainty in the Latin American city”. Emotion, Space and Society 4, 95–103.

Petrušonis, Vytautas (2005) “Vietovės kultūrinio tapatumo ontologija”. Urbanistika ir architektūra 29, 2, 55–62.

Pickvance, Chris G. (1997) “Inequality and conflict in the post-Socialist city: some analytical issues concerning the transition from state Socialism”. In Ove Källtorp et al., eds. Cities in transformation – transformation in cities: social and symbolic change of urban space, 98–116. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Probyn, Elspeth (2005) Blush: faces of shame. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Ross, Catherine E., John Mirowski, and Shana Pribesh (2001) “Powerlessness and the amplifications of threat: neighbourhood disadvantage, disorder, and mistrust”. American Sociological Review 66, 568–591.

Ross, Catherine E. and John Mirowsky (1987) “Normlessness, powerlessness, and trouble with the law”. Criminology 25, 257–278.

Ruopilla, Sampo (2005) “Housing policy and residential differentiation in post-Socialist Tallinn”. European Journal of Housing Policy 5, 3, 279–300.

Ruopilla, Sampo (2007) “Establishing a market-orientated urban planning system after state socialism: the case of Tallinn”. European Planning Studies 15, 3, 405–427.

Ruopilla, Sampo and Anneli Kährik (2003) “Socio-economic residential differentiation in post-Socialist Tallinn”. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment 18, 49–73.

Samalavičius, Almantas (2009) “Vartojantis ar kūrybingas miestas?” Logos 61, 170–178.

Samalavičius, Almantas (2005) “Miestas: erdvė ir vieta”. Urbanistika ir architektūra 29, 1, 18–21.

Samalavičius, Almantas (2010) “Vilnius City: urbanism driven by consumption”. Lituanus 56, 2, 43–52.

Stanilov, Kiril (2007) “Taking stock of post-Socialist urban development: a recapitulation”. In K. Stanilov, ed. The post-Socialist city urban form and space transformations in Central and Eastern Europe after Socialism, 3–20. The Netherlands: Springer.

Statistics Lithuania 2015 (2015) Statistical database. Available online at <>. Accessed on September, 15, 2016.

Sykora, Ludek (2009) “New socio-spatial formations: places of residential segregation and separation in Czechia”. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 100, 4, 417–435.

Szelényi, Iván (1983) Urban inequalities under state Socialism. New York: Oxford University Press. 

Tamutienė, Ilona (2013) “Sąsajos tarp alkoholio pardavimo vietų tankio, jo vartojimo viešose vietose ir socialinės žalos Vilniaus, Kauno ir Klaipėdos skirtingo tipo mikrorajonuose”. Kultūra ir visuomenė 4, 2, 37–42.

Tatatiūnienė, Aldona et al. (2011) Kauno miesto bendrasis planas esamos būklės analizė. Kaunas: Kauno SĮ “Kauno planas”.

Tereškinas, Artūras and Apolonijus Žilys (2014) “Kultūrinis vartojimas ir socioerdvinė diferenciacija Lietuvos didmiesčiuose”. Filosofija. Sociologija 25, 4, 272–281.

Thrift, Nigel (2004) “Intensities of feeling: towards a spatial politics of affect”. Geografiska Annaler, Series B: Human Geography 86, 1, 57–78.

Wacquant, Loïc (2008) Urban outcasts: a comparative sociology of advanced marginality. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Węcławowicz, Grzegorz (1998) “Social polarization in Postsocialist cities: Budapest, Prague and Warsaw”. In Gyorgy Enyedi, ed. Social change and urban restructuring in Central Europe, 55–67. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó.

Žilys, Apolonijus (2013) “Rezidencinė diferenciacija ir skirtumai Lietuvos moderniajame mieste: (po)sovietinis ar Vakarų miestas?” Kultūra ir visuomenė 4, 2, 67–102.

Back to Issue