eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
SINCE 1997
TRAMES cover
TRAMES. A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 1736-7514 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-0922 (Print)
Impact Factor (2021): 0.467

Cong Xu

In China, a mere copying and pasting of the regulative skeleton from the West aiming to enhance the quality of regulations would always invite criticism. With respect to the legal system of intellectual property rights protection, especially the digital copyright legal regime, it looks more like a paradoxical combination of the Western approach. Accomplished success has been achieved on the ‘black letter’ (doctrinalism) aspect. How­ever, there has been little awareness of the comparison from the perspectives of cultural, social, and political context (contextualism) where the regulation develops. This article reviews why and to what extent the cultural context matters in regard to the interaction between technology and digital copyright regulations. This research will eventually come to a conclusion that in those developing countries, such as China, legal transplant could still need to be carefully selected and tailored to the socio-cultural and economic demands of that country.


Ackermann, Thomas (2014) “Competition law and consumer law: why we need a common consumer model”. In Kai Purnhagen and Peter Rott, eds. Varieties of European economic law and regulation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Chao Xi, Michael (2009) Corporate governance and legal reform in China. (Law in East Asia series.) London: Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Pubulication.

ChaoYang, Hu (2007) “On the social adaptability of IPR system”. Legal Forum (Chinese Version) 3, 85.

Dusek, Val (1993) Philosophy of technology: an introduction. New York: Paragon House.

Geiger, Christopher (2010) “The future of copyright in Europe: striking a fair balance between pro­tection and access to information”. Intellectual Property Quarterly 14, 1, 1–14.

Geller, Paul Edward (2000) “Copyright history and the future: what’s culture got to do with it?”. Journal of Copyright Society of the U.S.A. 47, 256.

Graham, D. and S. Uma (2008) Global intellectual property law. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Graham, Mark and William H. Dutton, eds. (2014) Society and the Internet: how networks of informa­tion and communication are changing our lives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Han Dong, Wu (2007) “Intellectual structure and cultural explanation on transplanting”. China Legal Science (Chinese Version) 6, 55.

Hill, Howard (2014) “Understanding net neutrality: we need a better analogy”. The National Memo. Available online at <>. Accessed online at 29.05.2017.

Koops, Bert. J., ed. (2006) Starting points for ICT regulations: deconstructing prevalent policy one-liners. T.M.C. Asser Press.

Leenes, Ronald (2011) “Framing techno-regulation: an exploration of state and non-state regulation by technology”. Legisprudence 5, 2, 143–169. Available online at <>. Accessed on 29.05.2017.

Legrand, Pierre (1997) “The impossibility of legal transplants”. Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law 4, 111–124.

Li Jun, Wang (2004) “On the definition of replanting of law”. Legal Forum (Chinese Version) 2, 42.

Li, Luo (2006) “Coordination of the social norms: technology and law”. Social Science in China 1, 72–84.

Liebert, Wolfgang and Jan C. Schmidt (2010) Collingridges dilemma and technoscience: an attempt to provide a clarification from the perspective of the philosophy of science. Poiesis Prax: International Journal of Ethics of Science and Technology Assessment 7, 1, 5571. 2010.doi:10.1007/s10202-010-0078-2. Available online at <>. Accessed on 29.05.2017.

Luo, Li (2014) Intellectual property protection of traditional cultural expressions: folklore in China. London: Springer.

Middleton, Karen Williams (2010) Developing entrepreneurial behavior, facilitating nascent entre­preneurship at the university. Available online at < 2013/11/Doctoral-Thesis-Developing-Entrepreneurial-Behavior_Karen-Williams-Middleton. pdf>. Accessed online at 29.05.2017.

Negroponte, Nicholas (1996) Being digital. London: Hodder & Stoughton.

Ogburn, William Fielding (1922) Social change with respect to culture and original nature. New York: B. W. Huebsch.

Pila, Justine (2013) “Pluralism, principles and proportionality in intellectual property”. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 34, 1, 181–200. Available online at < content/early/2013/10/21/ojls.gqt029.full>. Accessed online at 29.05.2017.

Postigo, Hector (2012) The digital rights movement, the role of technology in subverting digital copyright. Massachusetts London: The MIT Press Cambridge.

Qu, San Qiang (1999) “One hundred years: passive legislation: Chinese intellectual property history”. Peking University Law Journal 2, 122.

Rajagopa, Raquel  (2015) Understanding consumer behavior and consumption experience: advances in marketing, customer relationship management, and e-services. Pennsylvania: IGI Global publishing, doi 10.4018/978-1-4666-7518-6.

Report on disclosure issues related to the use of copy control and digital rights management technologies (2005) DSTI/CP15/FINAL. Available online at < ieconomy/36546422.pdf>. Accessed on 29.05.2017.

Sahay, Amrohini (1997) “Materialistic and the invention of the cyber-cultural everyday”. New Literary History 28, 3, 543–567. Available online at <>. Accessed online at 29.05.2017.

Sansone, Carol, Carolyn C Morf and A. T. Panter (1939) The Sage handbook of methods in social psychology. London: Sage Publications.

Schaffer, Jonathan (2004) “From contextualism to contrastivism”. Philosophical Studies 119, 1–2, 73–103.

Stoianoff, Natalie P. (2012) “The influence of the WTO over China’s intellectual property regime”. Sydney Law Review 34, 65–89. Available online at < slr34_1/SLRv34no1Stoianoff.pdf>. Accessed online at 29.05.2017.

Vanderburg, Willem H. (1985) “Technology, society, and culture, a framework for understanding”. Technology in Society 7, 414.

Walker, Clive, David Wall, and Yaman Akdeniz, eds. (2000) The Internet, law and society. London: Longman Pearson.

Weber, Rolf H., Mirina Grosz and Romana Weber (2010) Shaping Internet governance: regulatory challenges. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Woodard, James W. (1934) “Critical notes on the culture lag concept”. Social Force 12, 3, 388.

Xu, Cong (2014) “Comparative analysis of intellectual property between China and the West: a cultural perspective”. Journal of Intellectual Property Rights 19, 3, 202–208.

Yu, Peter K. (2006) “Anticircumvention and anti-anticircumvention”. Denver University Law Review 84, 1, 14–78.

Back to Issue