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TRAMES. A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 1736-7514 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-0922 (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.5

THE FIRE CULT AND ISLAM IN THE KAZAKH SYSTEM OF BELIEFS; pp. 151–160

Full article in PDF format | https://doi.org/10.3176/tr.2017.2.04

Authors
Zhanna Tastaeva, Alfiya Baibulsinova, Lazzat Serikova, Agila Nurgaliyeva

Abstract

In this paper, we consider various viewpoints on the extent to which the Islamic religion and pre-Islamic beliefs influenced Kazakh society. It describes the traditional religious practices of the Kazakh-nomads, including non-Moslem elements, such as the Fire Cult. Moreover, the paper assesses the impact of Zoroastrianism on this ritual. It demonstrates that the nomadic Kazakhs were less affected by alien ideologies because of their mode of life. During the whole period under consideration, Kazakh religiousness was distinguished by its vivid syncretism that involves the combination of traditional creeds and the Moslem faith. The analysis refers to the period when the Kazakh territories were the part of the Russian Empire. The authors rely on the historical concept of Arnold Toynbee, especially on his formula ‘call-and-answer’. We were also guided by the ideas of Edward Shils and Anthony Giddens about the role of traditions.


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