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TRAMES cover
TRAMES. A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 1736-7514 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-0922 (Print)
Impact Factor (2022): 0.2
PDF | doi: 10.3176/tr.2014.2.02

Karmen Kalk, Piret Luik, Merle Taimalu, Karin Täht

Over the years, researchers have used several methods to investigate reflection. These are based on various theories. Researchers mainly use qualitative methods to study reflection, but mixed methods and quantitative studies are carried out as well. A number of different scales have been developed and used to measure reflection. The main purpose of this paper is to explore the internal consistency and factor structure of two instruments for measuring reflection to find out the validity and reliability of such assessment instruments. Data was collected using two questionnaires to estimate reflection at the start of the teach­ing practice and induction year. The results indicated that both instruments of reflection demonstrated the validation and reliability of measure reflection. The study also showed that these scales are suitable to use in different disciplines in teacher education.


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