ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
SINCE 1997
 
TRAMES cover
TRAMES. A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 1736-7514 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-0922 (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.5

THE EURASIAN UNION: DYNAMICS AND DIFFICULTIES OF THE POST-SOVIET INTEGRATION; pp. 3–17

Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/tr.2014.1.01

Authors
Ardak Yesdauletova, Aitmukhanbet Yesdauletov

Abstract

This paper is dedicated to developments related to integration processes between Kazakhstan, Russia, and Belarus, which have collective existence as the Customs Union and the Single Economic Space. If matters progress as projected, within two years they will form a Eurasian Union modeled on the EU. The integration in Eurasia is developing with remarkable speed and has several obstacles to overcome. The first of these difficulties centers on economic relations. The second is the fear that Kazakhstan and Belarus have concerns about a potential loss of sovereignty, including a reduction in their capability to manage their internal and external affairs independently. The third set of problems relates to the smaller countries’ desire to avoid dependence on one state, Russia, a situation which would lead to a rise in Russia’s geopolitical role in the world. Also the Eurasian Union relates to counterbalance the strengthening of China’s involvement in Central Asia policy.


References

Agreement on the foundation of the Eurasian Economic Community (2000). Article 13, The decision-making procedure (Dogovor ob uchreždenii Evrazijskogo ekonomičeskogo soobščestva). Available online at <http://www.worldtradelaw.net/fta/agreements/ eaecfta.pdf>. Accessed on 01.08.2013.

Arešev, Andrej (2011) The Eurasian Union: the intention and the risks. (Yevrazijskij sojuz: namerenija i riski). Available online at <http://www.stoletie.ru/print.php?ID=116030>. Accessed on 01.08.2013.

BBC News (2011) Europe Russia sees union with Belarus and Kazakhstan by 2015. Available online at <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-15790452>. Accessed on 01.08.2013.

Cooley, Alexander (2012) Great games, local rules: the new great power contest in Central Asia. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929825.001.0001

Bykov, Alexandr Naumovich (2009) Post-Soviet space: strategies of integration and the new challenges of globalization (Postsovetskoye prostranstvo: strategii integratsii i novyye vyzovy globalizatsii). St.-Petersburg: Aleteya.

Kazakhstan’s Parliament ratified the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Commission (Parlament Kazakhstana ratificiroval Dogovor o Evrazijskoj ekonomičeskoj komissii) (2011). Kazakh­stan Today. Available online at <http://www.kt.kz/?lang=rus&uin=1133168193&chapter= 1153549380>. Accessed on 01.08.2013.

Laruelle, Marlene and Sebastein Peyrouse (2013) Globalizing Central Asia: geopolitics and the challenges of economic development. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Mikheev, Sergei (2006) Post-Soviet space: elites are against integration. (Post­sovetskoje prostranstvo: elity protiv integracii). Available online at <http://www.apn.kz/publications/ article7698.htm>. Accessed on 01.08.2013.

Mukhamedzhanova Darya (2007) “Economic preconditions of regional integration in the post-soviet Space” (Ekonomicheskiye predposylki regionaloi integratsii na postsovetskom prostranstve) Journal of Kazakhstan in the Global Processes (Kazakhstan v global’nyx processax) 4, 138–149.

Mukhamedzhanova Darya (2011) Kazakhstan and iInternational integration presses (Kazakhstan I mezhdunarodnyye integratsionnyye protsessy). Almaty: KISI.

Nazarbayev, Nursultan (2011) Eurasian Union: from idea to the history of the future. (Evrazijskij Soyuz: ot idei k istorii buduščego). Izvestija-Kazakhstan. Available online at <http:// www.akorda.kz/ru/speeches/articles/evraziyskiy_soyuz>. Accessed on 01.08.2013.

Nazarbayev, Nursultan (2012) Remarks by President Nursultan Nazarbayev at a meeting with heads of the diplomatic missions accredited in Kazakhstan. (Vystuplenije Prezidenta Respubliki Kazaxstan N.A. Nazarbayeva na vstreče s glavami zarubežnyx diplomatičeskix missij, akkre­ditovannyx v Kazaxstane.02.03.2012 g.) Available online at <http://www.akorda.kz/en/page/ remarks-by-president-sursultan-nazarbayev-at-a-meeting-with-heads-of-the-diplomatic-missions-accredited-in-kazakhstan-2-03-2012_1341926694>. Accessed on 01.08.2013.

Overview of Kazakhstan’s foreign trade in January-September 2011 (2011) (Obzor vnešney torgovli Kazaxstana za yanvar' – sentyabr' 2011). group-global.org/storage_manage/ download_file/887

Polonskaya, Yliya (2012) Competition defines development. (Razvitije opredeljaet konkurencija). Kazaxstanskaja Pravda.

Putin, Vladimir (2011) The new integration project for Eurasian – a future that is born today. (Novyj integracionnyj proekt dlja Evrazii – buduščeye, kotoroye roždaetsja segodnja.) Available online at <http://izvestia.ru/news/502761#ixzz1s03GRcgw>. Accessed on 01.08.2013.

Solozobov, Yuri (2011) “Eurasian Union: from idea to practice.” (Evrazijskij Soyuz: ot idei k praktike). Geopolitika 13, 7–1.

Spechler, Martin and Spechlet Dina (2013) “Russia’s lost position in Central Eurasia”. Journal of Eurasian Studies 4, 1–7.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euras.2012.08.001

Statement of the Heads of States of the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Tajikistan on the Establishment of the Eurasian Economic Community (2009). (Zajavlenie glav gosudarstv Respubliki Belarus’, Respubliki Kazaxstan, Kirgizskoj Respubliki , Rossii i Respubliki Tadžikistan ob učrezdenii Evrazijskogo ekonomičeskogo soobščestva). Available online at <http://www.evrazes.com/ docs/view/94>. Accessed on 01.08.2013.

Vinikurov, Eugene (2012) “The Custom Union and the Single Economic Space: Toward the Eurasian Economic Union”. Journal of EDB Eurasian Integration Yearbook 2012. Available online at <http://www.eabr.org/general//upload/CII%20-%20izdania/Yerbook-2012/a_n5_2012_05.pdf>. Accessed on 01.08.2013.

Website European Union. History of the European Union. Available online at <http://europa.eu/about-eu/eu-history/1945-1959/1952/index_en.htm>. Accessed on 01.08.2013.

Website of the Eurasian Economic Community. Available online at <http://www.evrazes.com/en/ about/>. Accessed on 01.08.2013.

Website World Bank, 2013. Available online at <http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/ COUNTRIES/0,,pagePK:180619~theSitePK:136917,00.html >. Accessed on 01.08.2013.

Umland, Andreas (2011) Why Russia-led post-Soviet integration has little prospects. Available online at <http://www.academia.edu/1157293/Why_Russia-led_Post-Soviet_Integration_ Has_Little_Prospects>. Accessed on 01.08.2013.

Zabortseva,Yelena (2012) “From the “forgotten region” to the “great game” region: on the develop­ment of geopolitics in Central Asia”. Journal of Eurasian Studies 3, 168–176.

 


Back to Issue