ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
SINCE 1997
 
TRAMES cover
TRAMES. A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 1736-7514 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-0922 (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.5

THE ETHNIC AND LINGUISTIC IDENTITY OF RUSSIAN-SPEAKING YOUNG PEOPLE IN ESTONIA; pp. 183–203

Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/tr.2008.2.04

Author
Elvira Küün

Abstract
This article investigates the development of the identity of young non-Estonians, depending on their language environment and linguistic origin. The study focuses on the changing ethnic and linguistic identity of people in areas with a large concentration of non-Estonians – Tallinn and Ida-Virumaa. A comparison is made between young people from monolingual and bilingual families who have graduated from schools with Russian language of instruction. The purpose is to find out how linguistic origin, language environ­ment, frequency of communication with speakers of Estonian and the level of skills in the official language relate to the ethnic and linguistic identity of young non-Estonians; and how the linguistic self-identification of non-Estonians and their identity change due to factors influencing the society. Written questionnaires were used as the method for conducting the research.
References
Eesti rahvaloendus 2000 = Eesti Statistikaameti rahvaloendus 2000. [Estonian Statistics Executive Agency’s census.] http://www.stat.ee//gatekeeper.stat.ee:8000/px-web.2001/Database/ Rahvaloendus_regionaalne/Rahvaloendus_regionaalne.asp (18.04.2007).

Fiškina, Е. (2000) “Est’ li buduščee u russkoj kul’tury v Èstonii”. Russkije v Èstonii na poroge XXI veka: prošloje, nastojaščee, buduščee, 178–182. Tallinn.

Gellner, E. (1983) Nations and nationalism. Oxford: Blackwell.

Iskanius, S. (2005) Venäjänkielisten maahanmuuttajaopiskelijoiden kieli-identiteetti. [Russian-speaking immigrant students’ linguistic identity.] Jyväskylä: Jyväskylän Yliopisto.

Kallas, R. (2001) “Ob adaptacii rossijskih pereselencev v Èstonii (konec XIX do I polovina XX veka)”. Raduga (Tallinn) 4, 86–104.

Kidd, W. (2002) Culture and identity. New York: Palgrave.

Kirch, A. (2004) “Eesti integratsiooniprobleemid ja Euroopa Liit”. [Problems with integration in Estonia and European Union.] Haridus (Tallinn) 5, 18–20.

Kirch, M. (2002) “Eesti ja Euroopa identiteet”. [Estonia and European identity.] In Eesti ja eestlased võrdlevas perspektiivis, 87–101. [Estonia and Estonians in comparative potential future development.] A. Valk, ed. Tartu: Tartu University Press.

Küün, E. (2006) Mitte-eestlastest noorte etniline ja keeleline identiteet. [The ethnic and linguistic identity of non-Estonian youth.] MA theses. Department of Estonian at the Tallinn University.

Liebkind, K. (1995) “Dispersial xenohobia and acculturative stress. Refugees in Finland”. In Multi­culturalism in the Nordic societies. Proceedings of the 9th Nordic seminar for researchers on migration and ethnic relations: final report, 261–273. J. Hjarnø, ed. Copenhagen: ThemaNord.

McAdams, D. P. (1997) “The case for unity in the (post)modern self: a modest proposal”. In Self and identity, 106–136. R. D. Ashmore and L. Jussim, ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rannut, M., Ü. Rannut, and A. Verschik (2003) Keel, võim, ühiskond. ⁄ Language, power, society. Tallinn: Tallinn Pedagogical University Press.

Rannut, Ü. (2005) Keelekeskkonna mõju vene õpilaste eesti keele omandamisele ja integratsioonile Eestis. [Impact of linguistic environment to Estonian language studies and integration.] Tallinn: Tallinn Pedagogical University Press.

Skutnabb-Kangas, T. (1996) “Language and Self-Determination”. In Self-determination. Inter­national perspectives, 124–140. D. Clark and R. Williamson, eds. London: The Macmillan Press.

Skutnabb-Kangas, T. (2000) Linguistic genocide in education – or worldwide diversity and human rights? Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Tajfel, H. (1981) Human groups and social categories: studies in social psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thoits, P. A. and L. K. Virshup (1997) “Me’s and we’s: forms and functions of social identities”. In Self and identity, 106–136. R. D. Ashmore and L. Jussim, eds. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Turner, J. C., M. A. Hogg, P. J. Oakes, S. D. Reicher, and M. Wetherell (1987) Rediscovering the social group: a self-categorisation theory. Oxford: Blackwell.

Vahtin, N. (2004) “Sociolingvistika I sociologija jazyka”. In Jazyk I obščestvo, 233–239. Sankt-Peterburg: Gumanitarnaja Akademija.

Valk, A. and K. Karu (1999) “Attitudinal and behavioural attachment to the group: symbolic and concrete ethnic identity”. In Intercultural communication and changing national identities, 73–87. M. Lauristin and L. Rahnu, eds. Tartu: Tartu University Press.


Back to Issue