eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
SINCE 1952
Proceeding cover
of the estonian academy of sciences
ISSN 1736-7530 (Electronic)
ISSN 1736-6046 (Print)
Impact Factor (2022): 0.9
Testing marine data assimilation in the northeastern Baltic using satellite SST products from the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service; pp. 217–230

Mihhail Zujev, Jüri Elken

Satellite SST products from the Copernicus Marine Environment Service were tested for data assimilation in the sub-regional marine forecasts. The sub-regional setup of the HBM model was used in the northeastern Baltic, covering also the Gulf of Finland and the Gulf of Riga. Two assimilation methods – successive corrections and optimal interpolation – were implemented on the daily forecasts from April to December 2015. Independent daily FerryBox data from the ship track between Tallinn and Helsinki were used for validation. Higher SST forecast errors of the reference model were found near the shallower northwestern coasts. During the calm heating period in spring and early summer, the reference model produced in these regions too warm waters compared with the satellite and FerryBox observations. Too cold waters, compared to the observations, were modelled during the cooling period from late summer to winter. Although data assimilation reduced these errors, improving the treatment of coastal–offshore exchange in the core forecast model would be useful.


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