ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
SINCE 1952
 
Proceeding cover
proceedings
of the estonian academy of sciences
ISSN 1736-7530 (Electronic)
ISSN 1736-6046 (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 1.045

Coupling of resorcinols in retorted kukersite semi-coke; pp. 75–85

Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/proc.2014.1.10

Authors
Jaan Habicht, Uno Mäeorg

Abstract

Coupling products of three major phenols appearing in the waste streams of shale oil production from kukersite oil shale were isolated and analysed using high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS). The pattern of water-soluble phenols in retorted kukersite semi-coke leachate changes quickly during weathering. The amount of phenols decreases, but the rate of disappearance is dissimilar for different constituents. Oxidation experiments with three major phenols (resorcinol, 5-methyl resorcinol, and 2,5-dimethylresorcinol) and their mixtures in pairs were performed in a reaction medium similar to semi-coke leachate. Reaction products were detected using silica gel thin layer chromatography (TLC) and isolated for further analysis by silica gel dry-column chromatography. The composition of primary reaction products was confirmed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The primary coupling products of the studied resorcinols included the corresponding dimeric mono- and diquinones. Further coupling brought about the formation of water-insoluble products, which is the reason for the disappearance of resorcinols from the leachate.


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