ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
SINCE 1952
 
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proceedings
of the estonian academy of sciences
ISSN 1736-7530 (Electronic)
ISSN 1736-6046 (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 1.045

Plasmochemical process for the production of niobium and tantalum nanopowders; pp. 137–145

Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/proc.2012.2.06

Authors
Janis Grabis, Rein Munter, Yuri Blagoveshchenskiy, Valeri Gorkunov, Leonid Yamshchikov

Abstract

Niobium and tantalum powders used in modern manufacturing are materials with nanostructure. The authors have studied and optimized the process of the production of niobium and tantalum nanopowders (adjusted in the range of the particle size of 20–150 nm) at pilot scale. The process is based on the reduction reaction of pentachlorides of tantalum and niobium with hydrogen in a plasma generator at about 3500 K. To stabilize the structure and adjust the granulometric composition of the produced nanopowders thermal treatment at 1373 K under vacuum was applied. The powders are characterized by very high purity with regard to oxygen and metallic admixtures and by low bulk density (0.1–0.3 g/cm3). The specimens had a high specific surface area (10–30 m2/g). The process of compacting and sintering of powders was tested at temperatures from 1173 to 1373 K. The porosity of the specimens was 0.55–0.75 from the theoretical. The pore diameter was adjusted to 0.5–0.05 μm.


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