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akadeemia kirjastus
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Linguistica Uralica cover
Linguistica Uralica
ISSN 1736-7506 (Electronic)
ISSN 0868-4731 (Print)

Comments on Proto-Uralic Etymology: Derivations and Lexemes; pp. 241-246

Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/lu.2016.4.01

Author
Patrick O’Rourke

Abstract

This article consists of two sections: in the first section, I provide additional evidence of the proposition made in Luobbal Sámmol Sámmol Ánte (Aikio) 2012 that derivational suffixes prevented the secondary lengthening of low vowels in Proto-Finnic when preceded by a single voiced consonant in an e-stem word. I will argue for this restriction by discussing the etymology of Estonian mäletama ’to ­remember’. In the second section, I suggest a new interpretation for the etymologies of Proto-Finnic *nälvä ’slobber’ and Proto-Uralic *tulka ’wing, feather’ as well as new etymologies for Finnish muikea ’sour’, muju ’smile’, muikku ’vendace (Coregonus albula)’ and muisku ’kiss’ deriving from Proto-Uralic *muja ’to become happy; happiness, smile’.


References

Aikio, A. 2012, New and Old Samoyed Etymologies. - FUF 57, 9-57.

Lehtinen, M. 1967, On the Origin of Balto-Finnic Long Vowels. - UAJb. 39, 147-152.

Lieber, R. 2004, Morphology and Lexical Semantics, Cambridge (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics 104).

Luobbal Sámmol Sámmol Ánte (Aikio, A.) 2012, On Finnic Long Vowels, Samoyed Vowel Sequences, and Proto-Uralic *x. - Per Urales ad Orientem. Iter polyphonicum multilingue. Festskrift tillägnad Juha Janhunen på hans sextioårsdag den 12 februari 2012, Helsinki (MSFOu 264), 227-250.

Luobbal Sámmol Sámmol Ánte (Aikio, A.) 2013, Studies in Uralic Etymology I: Saami Etymologies. - LU XLIX, 161-174.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3176/lu.2013.3.01

Luobbal Sámmol Sámmol Ánte (Aikio, A.) 2015, Studies in Uralic Etymology IV: Ob-Ugric Etymologies. - LU LI, 1-20.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3176/lu.2015.1.01

Pystynen, J. 2013, Some corollaries of Lehtinen’s Law. https://protouralic. wordpress.com/2013/07/22/some-corollaries-of-lehtinens-law/.

Pystynen, J. 2015, Etymology squib: Ääli. https://protouralic.wordpress.com/2015/04/ 04/etymology-squib-aali/.

Pystynen, J. 2016, More on umlaut chronology in Samic. https://protouralic.wordpress.com/2016/04/25/more-on-umlaut-chronology-in-samic/.

Reshetnikov, K., Zhivlov, M. 2011, Studies in Uralic Vocalism II: Reflexes of Proto-Uralic *a in Samoyed, Mansi and Permic. - Journal of Language Relationship 5, 96-109.


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