eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
SINCE 1952
Earth Science cover
Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences
ISSN 1736-7557 (Electronic)
ISSN 1736-4728 (Print)
Impact Factor (2022): 1.1
The detailed Middle to early Late Ordovician faunal succession and δ13Ccarbon chemistry of the Kårehamn drill core, offshore eastern Öland, Sweden: implications for stratigraphy and correlation; p. 159

Svend Stouge, Gabriella Bagnoli, Garmen Bauert, Heikki Bauert, Christian M. Ø. Rasmussen

The Middle to lower Upper Ordovician stratigraphy of the Kårehamn core, drilled ca 7 km offshore to the east of the Kårehamn village, northeastern Öland, is presented. The investigated core is one of four drill cores obtained during the preparation of the Kårehamn offshore wind farm. It is ca 41 m long and has a diameter of 10 cm. The lithostratigraphy, faunal (conodonts and chitinozoans) succession and δ13Ccarbon isotope chemistry pattern are built upon this complete core. The drilling stopped at 64.5 m b.s.l. in the Swedish Orthoceratite limestone, within the upper Lenodus variabilis Conodont Zone. The horizon is largely equivalent to the strata that in Sweden were previously named “limestone with Asaphus raniceps’”, which is within the Orthoceratite limestone. It is characterized by and composed of mainly light-grey, highly fossiliferous and stylolitic limestone with little clay material. The next unit includes the Yangtzeplacognathus crassus and lower Lenodus pseudoplanus conodont zones. The upper Lenodus pseudoplanus (with Microzarkodina ozarkodella late form sensu Lindström), Eoplacognathus suecicus and E. foliaceus conodont zones are recorded from the overlying succession of the upper Orthoceratite limestone. This interval corresponds to the Segerstad, Skärlöv and Seby topoformations of Jaanusson, all of which are included in the upper part of the Swedish Orthoceratite limestone. The prominent δ13Ccarbon isotope MDICE peak recorded from the Kårehamn drill core is biostratigraphically precisely assigned to the upper part of the newly redefined Eoplacognathus suecicus Conodont Zone. The conformably overlying Folkeslunda Limestone is the top unit of the Orthoceratite limestone; it is composed of lime mudstone and grey bedded wackestone. Biostratigraphically, it is referred to the Eoplacognathus reclinatus Subzone of the Pygodus serra Conodont Zone corresponding to the lower part of the Laufeldochitina striata Chitinozoan Zone.

The Furudal Limestone – on Öland known as the Källa Limestone and Persnäs Limestone  overlies the Orthoceratite limestone and represents an important change of the depositional environment in the Baltic Basin. The Källa Limestone contains the Eoplacognathus robustus Conodont Subzone of the Pygodus serra Conodont Zone and the Laufeldochitina striata Chitinozoan Zone. Pygodus protoanserinus Zhang is the transitional taxon from P. serra to P. anserinus and is securely and precisely recorded for the first time in the region.

The important conodont species Pygodus anserinus Lamont and Lindström is recorded from the Persnäs Limestone (= upper Furudal Formation) from which also theLaufeldochitina striata Chitinozoan Zone is documented. Pygodus anserinus extends into the overlying Dalby Formation, in which it is succeeded by the lower Amorphognathus tvaerensis Conodont Zone. The diagnostic chitinozoans Eisenackitina rhenanaLaufeldochitina stentorConochitina savalaensis, Belonechitina intonsa and Conochitina viruana are well documented from the same formation. The top of the core is within the Baltoniodus variabilis Conodont Subzone of theAmorphognathus tvaerensis Conodont Zone of the Bergström conodont zonation. 

The precise integrated biostratigraphy of the conodonts and chitinozoans along with the carbon isotope curve are results of this study, which largely agree with those of previous research of the Baltic Basin and thus provide data for precise correlation across the Baltic Basin. The fossil assemblages are clearly related to the east Baltic chronostratigraphic scheme and to the new chronostratigraphic scheme of Scandinavia, and the succession is referred to the established stages of the two systems.

Back to Issue