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Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences
ISSN 1736-7557 (Electronic)
ISSN 1736-4728 (Print)
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Short communication
Tectonic, foreland-basin origins of Upper Ordovician black gas shales in the Appalachian Basin of eastern United States; pp. 30–33

Frank R. Ettensohn, Gustavo Martins

Black gas shales are major parts of many foreland-basin sequences and comprise important components of unconformity-bound tectophase cycles, which reflect sedimentary/stratigraphic, flexural responses to deformational loading and relaxation in an orogen. Using as examples Upper Ordovician black gas shales, deposited during the Taconian orogeny in the Appalachian Basin of the eastern United States, black-shale origins and their importance in understanding the tectonic framework are discussed. Foreland-basin black shales are clearly the product of distinctive tectonic frameworks and histories, and aside from economic value, may provide important controls on the timing and location of tectonic events.


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