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SINCE 1952
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Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences
ISSN 1736-7557 (Electronic)
ISSN 1736-4728 (Print)
Impact Factor (2022): 1.1
The Luusika potential field anomaly, eastern Estonia: modelling results; pp. 228–237

Marija Dmitrijeva, Jüri Plado, Tõnis Oja

This study considers the anomalous gravity and magnetic fields in the Alutaguse petrological–structural domain, eastern Estonia. A 10 km wide local maximum (+6.26 mGal) Bouguer anomaly field was discovered at 58.96°N, 26.61°E from the ground gravity data by the Estonian Land Board in 2010–2011. The ground magnetic field intensity measurements indicated a positive magnetic anomaly of 600 nT, in addition to the local gravity maximum. Based on depth estimations, the centre of the anomaly source is placed at 2500–3000 m within the ~1.8 to 1.9 Ga Svecofennian basement. To provide information on the physical properties of the causative source of the anomalies, the geophysical modelling of potential fields was carried out by testing a number of lithologies as sources. The lithologies considered were the known post-orogenic and anorogenic magmatic intrusions in the Estonian basement, as well as typical metamorphic rocks of the Alutaguse domain. The obtained models indicate that the Luusika feature has a range of densities from 2760 to 2920 kg/m3 and magnetic susceptibilities from 20 000 × 10–6 to 56 000 × 10–6 SI. These models suggest that the Luusika causative source is an intermediate to the mafic rock unit, similar to post-orogenic or anorogenic massifs of the Svecofennian basement of Estonia.


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