eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
SINCE 1952
Earth Science cover
Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences
ISSN 1736-7557 (Electronic)
ISSN 1736-4728 (Print)
Impact Factor (2022): 1.1
Litorina Sea sediments of ancient Vääna Lagoon, northwestern Estonia; pp. 85–93
PDF | doi:10.3176/earth.2009.1.08

Leili Saarse, Atko Heinsalu, Siim Veski
Vääna Lagoon (59°22'30''N, 24°25'00''E) is located 25 km west of Tallinn in ancient Vääna Klint Bay at a 22 m Litorina Sea isobase. Lagoonal deposits were reinvestigated and new results of pollen, diatom, loss-on-ignition, magnetic susceptibility analyses, and radiocarbon datings were used for the reinterpretation of previous studies. The onset of the Litorina Sea trans­gression in the region is dated to 8300 cal yr BP and culmination to about 7000 cal yr BP. New material shows a single Litorina Sea transgression and denies the twofold transgression suggested earlier.

Andrén, E., Andrén, T. & Kunzendorf, H. 2000. Holocene history of the Baltic Sea as a background for assessing records of human impact in the sediments of the Gotland Basin. The Holocene, 10, 687-702.

Arold, I. 1971. Vääna ümbruse geomorfoloogilis-maastikuline ülevaade [Geomorphologisch-landschaftliche über-sicht der umgebung von Vääna]. Eesti Geograafia Seltsi Aasta­raamat 1969, pp. 35–53. Valgus, Tallinn [in Estonian, with German summary].

Battarbee, R., Jones, V. J., Flower, R. J., Cameron, N. G., Bennion, H., Carvalho, L. & Juggins, S. 2001. Diatoms.In Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments, Vol. 3: Terrestrial, Algal, and Siliceous Indicators (Smol, J. P., Birks, H. J. B. & Last, W., eds), pp. 155–202. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.

Behre, K.-E. 2007. A new Holocene sea-level curve for the southern North Sea. Boreas, 36, 82–102.

Berglund, B. E. & Ralska-Jasiewiczowa, M. 1986. Pollen analysis and pollen diagrams. In Handbook of Holocene Palaeoecology and Palaeohydrology (Berglund, B. E., ed.), pp. 455–484. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester.

Berglund, B. E., Sandgren, P., Barnekow, L., Hannon, G., Jing, H., Skog, G. & Yu, S. Y. 2005. Early Holocene history of the Baltic Sea, as reflected in coastal sediments in Blekinge, southeastern Sweden. Quaternary International, 130, 111139.

Eronen, M. 1974. The history of the Litorina Sea and associated Holocene events. Societas Scientiarum Fennicae, Commentationes Physico-Mathematicae, 44, 70–105.

Fægri, K., Iversen, J., Kaland, P. E. & Krzywinski, K. 1989. Textbook of Pollen Analysis, 4th edn. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 328 pp.

Fairbanks, R. G. 1989. A 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea level record: influence of glacial melting rates on the Younger Dryas event and deep-ocean circulation. Nature, 342, 637–642.

Grimm, E. C. 2004. Tilia Graph v. 2.0.2. Research and Collection Center, Illinois State Museum, Springfield.

Hang, T. 1997. Clay varve chronology in the Eastern Baltic area. GFF, 119, 295–300.

Heiri, O., Lotter, A. F. & Lemcke, G. 2001. Loss on ignition as a method for estimating organic and carbonate content in sediments: reproducibility and comparability of results. Journal of Paleolimnology, 25, 101110.

Kalm, V. 2006. Pleistocene chronostratigraphy in Estonia, southeastern sector of the Scandinavian glaciation. Quaternary Science Reviews, 8, 960–975.

Kents, P. 1939. Postglatsiaalsed Läänemere rannajoone võn­ku­mised Eestis illustreeritud Kõpu poolsaarel [Postglacial shore displacement changes of the Baltic Sea in Estonia on the example of Kõpu Peninsula]. Manuscript in Estonian State Archives, Tallinn, 62 pp. [in Estonian].

Kessel, H. 1963. On the age of Holocene transgressions of the Baltic Sea in Estonia by palynological analysis. Baltica, 1, 101–115 [in Russian, with English summary].

Kessel, H. 1985. Formirovanie ozerno-bolotnoj formatsii i drevneberegovykh kompleksov Baltijskogo morja v severnoj Pribaltike. II Tom. Opredelitel¢ subfossil¢nykh molluskov Baltijskogo morja [Formation of lake and bog deposits and ancient beach formations of the Baltic Sea in the northern Pribaltic. Vol. II. Textbook of the sub­fossil molluscs of the Baltic Sea]. Manuscript in Estonian State Archives, Tallinn, 142 pp. [in Russian].

Kessel, H. & Raukas, A. 1979. The Quaternary history of the Baltic. Estonia. In The Quaternary History of the Baltic (Gudelis, V. & Königsson, L.-K., eds), pp. 127–146. University of Uppsala, Uppsala.

Kessel, H. & Raukas, A. 1984. Correlation of the Baltic ancient coastal formations in Estonia and Sweden. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology, 33, 146157 [in Russian, with English summary].

Kiipli, T., Batchelor, R. A., Bernal, J. P., Cowing, Ch., Hagel-Brunnström, M., Ingham, M. N., Johnson, D., Kivi­silla, J., Knaack, Ch., Kump, P., et al. 2000. Seven sedimentary rock reference samples from Estonia. Oil Shale, 17, 215–223.

Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. 1986. Bacillariophyceae, Part 1: Naviculaceae. Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Vol. 2/1. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 876 pp.

Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. 1988. Bacillariophyceae, Part 2: Bacillariaceae, Epithemiaceae, Surirellaceae. Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Vol. 2/2. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 596 pp.

Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. 1991a. Bacillariophyceae, Part 3: Centrales, Fragilariaceae, Eunotiaceae. Süss­wasser­­flora von Mitteleuropa, Vol. 2/3. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 576 pp.

Krammer, K. & Lange-Bertalot, H. 1991b. Bacillariophyceae, Part 4: Achnanthaceae. Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Vol. 2/4. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 437 pp.

Lampe, R. 2002. Post-glacial water-level variability along the south Baltic coast – a short overview. Greifswalder Geographische Arbeiten, 27, A 2, 13–19.

Miettinen, A. 2002. Relative sea level changes in the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland during the last 8000 years. Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae Geologica-Geographica, 162, 1–102.

Miettinen, A. 2004. Holocene sea-level changes and glacio-isostasy in the Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea. Quaternary International, 120, 91–104.

Miettinen, A., Savelieva, L., Subetto, D. A., Dzhinoridze, R., Arslanov, K. & Hyvärinen, H. 2007. Palaeoenvironment of the Karelian Isthmus, the easternmost part of the Gulf of Finland, during the Litorina Sea stage of the Baltic Sea history. Boreas, 36, 441–458.

Raukas, A. & Liivrand, E. 1971. Pleistocene deposits in the boring of Vääna-Jõesuu (North Estonia) and their genesis. Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia Toimetised, Keemia, Geoloogia, 20, 60–72 [in Russian, with English summary].

Raukas, A. V., Kessel, H. J. & Eltermann, G. Yu. 1965. Structure of ancient accumulative coastal forms in Estonia. In Litologiya i stratigrafiya chetvertichnykh otlozhenii Éstonii [Lithology and stratigraphy of Quaternary deposits in Estonia], pp. 85–105. Tallinn [in Russian, with English summary].

Raukas, A., Moora, T. & Karukäpp, R. 1995a. About history of the Baltic Sea and early inhabitants in the Pärnu area. In Liivimaa geoloogia [Geology of Livonia] (Meidla, T., Jõeleht, A., Kalm, V. & Kirs, J., eds), pp. 119–123. Tartu University Press, Tartu [in Estonian, with English summary].

Raukas, A., Saarse, L. & Veski, S. 1995b. A new version of the Holocene stratigraphy in Estonia. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology, 44, 201–210.

Reimer, P. J., Baillie, M. G. L., Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Beck, J. W., Bertrand, C., Blackwell, P. G., Buck, C. E., Burr, G., Cutler, K. B., et al. 2004. IntCal04 terrestrial radiocarbon age calibration, 0–26 cal kyr BP. Radio­carbon, 46, 1029–1058.

Saarse, L., Vassiljev, J., Miidel, A. & Niinemets, E. 2006. Holo­­cene buried organic sediments in Estonia. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology, 55, 296–320.

Seppä, H., Tikkanen, M. & Shemeikka, P. 2000. Late-Holocene shore displacement of the Finnish south coast: diatom, litho- and chemostratigraphic evidence from three isolation basins. Boreas, 29, 219–231.

Stuiver, M. & Reimer, P. J. 2005. CALIB Radiocarbon Calibration (HTML Version 5.0).

Tammekann, A. 1940. The Baltic Clint. A Geomorphological Study. Eesti Loodusteaduste arhiiv, XI, 3/4, 103 pp.

Thomson, P. W. 1936. First announcement on the Litorina lagoon at Vääna. Eesti Loodus, 4, 161–162 [in Estonian, with English summary].

Thomson, P. W. 1939. Tabellarische Übersicht über das Alluvium Estlands. Beiträge zur Kunde Est-, Liv- und Kurlands; 1, 1/2, 32–38.

Treial, H. & Künnapuu, S. 1962. A landslide in the valley of the Vääna River. Eesti Loodus, 5, 292–294 [in Estonian, with English summary].

Veski, S., Heinsalu, A., Klassen, V., Kriiska, A., Lõugas, L., Poska, A. & Saluäär, U. 2005. Early Holocene coastal settlements and palaeoenvironment on the shore of the Baltic Sea at Pärnu, southwestern Estonia. Quaternary International, 130, 75–85.

Yu, S. Y. 2003. The Litorina transgression in southeastern Sweden and its relation to mid-Holocene climate variability. LUNDQUA Thesis, 51, 1–82.

Yu, S. Y., Berglund, B. E., Sandgren, P. & Lambeck, K. 2007. Evidence for a rapid sea-level rise 7600 yr ago. Geology, 35, 891–894.

Back to Issue