ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
SINCE 1997
 
TRAMES cover
TRAMES. A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 1736-7514 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-0922 (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.5

“BARNEVERNET STEALS CHILDREN” AN ANALYSIS OF RUSSIAN INFORMATION WARFARE NARRATIVES IN THE CZECH DISINFORMATION MEDIA; pp. 589–605

Full article in PDF format | 10.3176/tr.2020.4.07

Authors
Miroslava Pavlíková, Miroslav Mareš

Abstract

The research article deals with the particular example of Russian information warfare in the Czech Republic’s disinformation media. It aims to contribute to the debate about immoral, non-traditional and anomic society narratives used by Russian information warfare actors. The study focuses on such media’s framing of the Norwegian children social welfare system. The study aims to explain which typical Russian information warfare narratives were used in the Czech Republic. Using a content analysis with open and axial sociological coding, general narratives were identified. Then, the article focused on the emerging sub-narratives and their characteristics. The narrative of fascism/Nazism appeared to be very straightforward, it also used some Czech society specific sub-narratives. Narratives of twisted sexuality appeared to be the most uniform. Finally, the narrative of neo-Marxist policy has shown to be mostly using expressions such as social engineering and negative framing of modern left ideologies.


References

Adamsky, D. (2010) The culture of military innovation: the impact of cultural factors on the revolution in military affairs in Russia, the US, and Israel.Stanford: Stanford University Press.
https://doi.org/10.1515/9780804773805

Agadjanian, A. (2017) “Tradition, morality and community: elaborating Orthodox identity in Putin’s Russia”. Religion, State and Society 45, 1, 39–60. 
https://doi.org/10.1080/09637494.2016.1272893

Aust, O. (2017) “Valenta ovládl vydavatelství Parlamentních listů”. Mediar. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2HvNes8
Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Buckingham, D. (2019) “How much trust in media do we need?”. David Buckingham. Available online at 
http://bit.do/eQm2P. Access 20.4.2019.

Česká televize (2016) “Jedno udání a Barnevernet jim vzal dceru. Česko-norský pár si bude stěžovat”. Česká televise. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2T9U9Zi. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Česká televize (2018) Odebírání dětí, vyhlazovací tábory, přirovnání k nacismu. Piťhův náhled na Istanbulskou úmluvu má v církvi ohlas. Česká televise. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2FL898U. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Císař, Ondřej and Václav Štětka (2017) “Czech Republic: the rise of populism from the fringes to the mainstream”. In Toril Aalberg et al., eds. Populist political communication in Europe, 285–298. New York: Routledge.

Corner, John (2017) “Fake news, post-truth and media–political change”. Media, Culture & Society 39, 7, 1100–1107. 
https://doi.org/10.1177/0163443717726743

Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence (“Istanbul Convention”) (2014) Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2FMhjlp. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Cremer, Justin (2016) “Global protests condemn ‘legal kidnapping’ in Norway”. The Local. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2S3bwxI. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Durkheim, Émile (1897/1951) Suicide: a study in sociology. New York: The Free Press.

EU vs Disinfo (2017) “Norway – a nation in moral decay?”. EU vs Disinfo. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2RLTr7X. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Europe on NBC NEWS (2008)” Norway passes law approving gay marriage”. NBC News. Available online at 
https://nbcnews.to/2FVVpeU. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Evropské hodnoty (2016) “Bez politické korektnosti”. Evropské hodnoty. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2MwSE4O. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Federal Law of Russian Federation No. 436-FZ. “On protection of children from information harmful to their health and development”.

Federal Law of the Russian Federation No. 135-FZ. “On the introduction of amendments to Article 5 of the Federal Law. On the protection of children from information causing harm to their health and development and separate acts of the Russian Federation aimed at the protection of children from information propagandising the refutation of traditional family values”. 

Freedom House (2018) “Freedom in the world: Norway”. Freedom House. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2CKvDqy. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Freedom House (2018) “Nations in transit: Czech Republic”. Freedom House. Available online at 
http://bit.do/eQmSW. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Fučík, Jakub and Zdeněk Kříž (2013) “Informační revoluce, vojensko-technická revoluce, nebo revoluce ve vojenských záležitostech?”. Obrana a strategie 13, 2, 15-24, 
https://doi.org/10.3849/1802-7199.13.2013.02.015-024

Garfield, Leanna (2016) “11 countries with the best quality of life in the world”. Business Insider. Available online at 
https://read.bi/2WgbtxV. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Giles, Kier (2016) “The next phase of Russian information warfare”. Riga: NATO Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence.

Gregor, Miloš and Petra Vejvodová (2016) Analýza manipulativních technik na vybraných českých serverech. Výzkumná zpráva. Faculty of Social Studies of Masaryk University and European Values Think Tank. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2R95Cqp. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Henden, Amalie (2019) “Norwegian PM urges citizens to have more children: ‘I don’t need to explain how it’s done”. Express. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2RO7Qkd. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Herszenhorn, David M. (2014) “Gays in Russia find no haven, despite support from the West”. The New York Times. Available online at 
https://nyti.ms/2MueVAu. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Holecová, Simona (2015) “Czech free press: ozvěny Kremlu v ČR”. Neovlivní – investigativní deník o vlivu a lidech. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2DwfQNM. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Holecová, Simona (2016a) “Propaganda jako zloba a hnus ze sítí: vlasteneckénoviny.cz”. Neovlivní – investigativní deník o vlivu a lidech. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2Ud3yQ0. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Holecová, Simona (2016b) “Rukojmí.cz ví, kde je zlo (na západě) a kde dobro”. Neovlivní – investigativní deník o vlivu a lidech. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2T8WwLP. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Holecová, Simona (2016c) “Svět kolem nás. Web spíš o světě pod vlivem propagandy”. Neovlivní – investigativní deník o vlivu a lidech. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2WhNgad. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Ionatamišvili E., L. Bērziņa, M. Cepurītis, D. Kaljula, and I. Juurvee (2017) Russia’s footprint in the Nordic-Baltic information environment. Riga: NATO Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence.

Jewish Virtual Library (2018) “Stolen children: interview with Gitta Sereny”. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2MwAhwQ. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Kojan, Bente Heggem (2011) “Norwegian child welfare services: a successful program for protecting and supporting vulnerable children and parents?”. Australian Social Work 64, 4, 443-458. 
https://doi.org/10.1080/0312407X.2010.538069

Lewandowsky, Stephan and K.H. Ullrich Ecker and John Cook (2017) “Beyond Misinformation: Understanding and Coping with the ‘Post-Truth’ Era”. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition 6, 4, 353-369. 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jarmac.2017.07.008

Lhoťan, Lukáš (2016) “Norští neonacisté se chovají vůči Slovanům stejně jako německé nacistické zrůdy”. Bez politické korektnosti. Available online at 
http://www.bezpolitickekorektnosti.cz/?p=23711. Accessed on 20 July, 2018.

Lisál, Miro (2016) “Barnevernet: Odporná norská zločinecká organizace stále při síle. Fašistický stát ve státě loví děti. Vlastní zákony a vliv na justici. Rodiče jsou bezmocní. Do jaké míry se budeme inspirovat Norskem?”. Protiproud. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2WZN4x0. Accessed on 20 July, 2018.

Miturová; Pavlína (2016) “Barnevernet”. Svobodné noviny. Available online at 
http://svobodnenoviny.eu/barnevernet. Accessed on 20 July, 2018.

Neovlivní.cz (2015a) “Protiproud: ozvěny Kremlu v Česku”. Neovlivní – investigativní deník o vlivu a lidech.Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2FUt6gZ. Access 24.1.2019

Neovlivní.cz (2015b) Svobodnenoviny.eu: ozvěny Kremlu v ČR. Neovlivní – investigativní deník o vlivu a lidech. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2S4ldfj. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Neovlivní.cz (2015c) Aeronet.cz: ozvěny Kremlu v ČR. Neovlivní – investigativní deník o vlivu a lidech. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2DvoDPZ. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Radford, Lyra (2018) “Misconceptions about Viking sexuality/gender and the history behind them”. Ranker. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2Dz3HHZ. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Reichborn-Kjennerud, Erik and Patrick Cullen (2016) “What is hybrid warfare?”. Norwegian Institute of International Affairs 1, 1–4. 
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_2465-1

Rjabovaa, T. B. and D. O. Rjabov (2017) Semejnye i religioznye cennosti. Kak resurs «mjagkoj sily» Rossii: diskussii v sovremennych rossijskich i zapadnych smi “Woman in Russian Society” 3(84): 17-31. 
https://doi.org/10.21064/WinRS.2017.3.2

RT (2014) “Norway authorities remove child from parents over lost tooth”. Russia Today. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2sGbM7A. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Schmidt, Nikola (2014) “Neither conventional war, nor a cyber war, but a long-lasting and silent hybrid war”. Obrana a strategie 14, 2, 73-86. 
https://doi.org/10.3849/1802-7199.14.2014.02.073-086

Springe, Inga (2016) “Are Norwegians Paedophiles?”. Twitter. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2S4J9iv. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Stojar, Richard (2015) “Konflikt na Ukrajině a ruský zásah: nový způsob vedení hybridní války, nebo aplikace klasických postupů”. Vojenské rozhledy 15, 1, 26–37.

StopFake (2016) Kremlin watch monitor. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2Dxu6pA. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

The Local (2017) “Gays now free to wed in Norway’s Lutheran Church”. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2Hwu1ql. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

The Moscow Times (2012) “Norway thwarts Russian mother”. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2sGbTQy. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

The Telegraph (2014) “Russia bans adoptions from countries that allow gay marriage”. Available online at 
https://bit.ly/2CERNuu. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Whewell, Tim (2018) “Norway’s hidden scandal”. BBC. Available online at 
https://bbc.in/2AB795m. Accessed on 24 January, 2019.

Wilkinson, Cai (2014) “LGBT human rights versus ‘traditional values’: the rise and contestation of anti-homopropaganda laws in Russia”. Journal of Human Rights 13, 3, 363–379. 
https://doi.org/10.1080/14754835.2014.919218


Back to Issue