eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
SINCE 1997
TRAMES cover
TRAMES. A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 1736-7514 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-0922 (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.5


Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/tr.2015.2.06

Margit Sutrop


The vocation of a teacher entails a multitude of high expectations. In addition to skills specific to the taught subject area and didactic methods, a teacher’s professionalism includes being a values educator. It is in the power of teachers to spur students to become conscious of their values and give them skills to reflect on them. In order to urge students to reflect on and discuss their values, the teacher must first acquire the same skills. The main aim of this article is to show that values permeate every aspect of education and that value-free education is impossible. I shall first argue that in teacher education more emphasis should be placed on preparing teachers for their role as values educators. Secondly I shall show how a practical tool – the Teachers’ Values Game – based on group discussions of moral dilemmas inherent in practical examples collected from real life can help teachers to recognize what their values are, to acquire skills of moral deliberation, to learn to argue and reach consensus.


Becker, L. C. and C. B. Becker (2001) “Value, concept of”. In Encyclopedia of ethics. 2nd ed., 1745–1749. New York and London: Routledge.

Brighouse, H. (2006) On education. London and New York: Routledge.

Campbell, E. (2003) The ethical teacher. Maidenhead, Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Carr, D. (2004) Professionalism and ethics in teaching. London and New York: Routledge.

Halstead, J. M. (1996) “Values and values education in schools”. In Values in education and education in values, 3–14. J. M. Halstead and M. J. Taylor, eds. London and New York: RoutledgeFalmer.

Haydon, G. (2006) Values in education. London: Continuum.

Hostetler, K. D. (1997) Ethical judgement in teaching. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Jackson, P. W., R. E. Boostrom, and D. T. Hansen (1993) The moral life of schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Kirschenbaum, H. (1977) Advanced values clarification. La Jolla: University Associates.

Kohlberg, L. (1981) Essays on moral development. 3 vols. New York: Harper and Row.

Lickona, T. (1996) “Eleven principles of effective character education”. Journal of Moral Education 25, 1, 93–100.

Noddings N. (1984) Caring: a feminine approach to ethics and moral education. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Noddings, N. (2003) Happiness and education. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pantic N. and T. Wubbels (2012) “Teachers’ moral values and their interpersonal relationships with students and cultural competence”. Teaching and Teacher Education: An International Journal of Research and Studies 28, 451–460.

Raths L., M. Harmin, and S. B. Simon (1966) Values and teaching. Columbus, Ohio: Charles E. Merrill.

Rawls J. (1972) A theory of justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Russell, B. (1926/1973) “The Aims of Education”. In his On education: especially in early childhood, 28–46. London: Unwin Books.

Sanger, M. H. (2008) “What we need to prepare teachers for the moral nature of their work”, Journal of Curriculum Studies, 40 (2), 169–185.

Schwartz, M. J., ed. (2008) Effective character education: a guidebook for future educators. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Simon, S. and S. Olds (1976) Helping your child learn right from wrong: a guide to values clarification. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Sutrop, Margit (2014) “Using the Teachers’ Values Game to facilitate teachers’ reflection on their own values”. Teacher Education Advancement Network Journal (Tean Journal) 56, 1, 55–63.

Tirri, K. (2010) “Teacher values underlying professional ethics”. In International research handbook on values education and student wellbeing, 153–161. T. Lovat, R. Toomey, and N. Clement, eds. London and New York: Springer.

Van Hooft, S. (2006) Eudaimonia, understanding virtue ethics. Chesham: Acumen.

Wiley, L. S. (1998) Comprehensive character-building classroom: a handbook for teachers. De Bary, Florida: Longwood Communications.

Willemse, M., M. Lunenberg, and F. A. J. Korthagen (2005) “Values in education: a challenge for teacher educators”. Teaching and teacher Education: An international journal of research and studies 21, 2, 205–217.

Back to Issue