ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
SINCE 1997
 
TRAMES cover
TRAMES. A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 1736-7514 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-0922 (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.5

EMIC CONCEPTUALIZATION OF A ‘WILD EDIBLE PLANT’ IN ESTONIA IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY; pp. 15–34

Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/tr.2015.1.02

Authors
Renata Sõukand, Raivo Kalle

Abstract

Understanding the emic concept of wild edible plants in specific cultural settings is important to map local perceptions on nature. As there is no specific word to describe the concept of a wild edible plant in Estonian, we asked to list plants belonging to a category described by two partly overlapping phrases: looduslik taim (natural plant) and metsikult kasvav taim (plant that grows wild). Answers of 85 lay respondents were analysed quantitatively based on the nomenclature of the plants listed and qualitatively based on the question requiring narrative responce. While in the Estonian realm of the second half of the 20th century there was no need for conceptualization of wild (edible) plants and the notion did not exist, people describe them through the ability to grow itself, opposing to cultivation, places of growing, and higher level of abstraction. Prototypes of wild edible plants were Oxalis acetosella, Rumex acetosa, Fragaria vesca and Vaccinium myrtillus.


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