ACCULTURATION THROUGH MEANS OF COMMUNICATION: A STUDY OF LINGUISTIC EXCHANGES BETWEEN CHINESE AND ARABIC; pp. 51–71Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/tr.2015.1.04
Language plays a pivotal role in the integration of a minority within a host majority culture and thus the linguistic trends may serve as indicators of acculturation of a community aptly as proposed by Kim (1984). This research focuses upon investigating the change in communication patterns of Chinese Muslims to explore the extent of their integration in Chinese society during history and today. The cultural interactions between the communities belonging to different languages result in the lexical integration of languages and the emergence of exclusive lingua franca as well, as it happened in the case of Chinese Muslims. This language contact resulted in orthographic exchanges as well as ‘cultural borrowing’ through code-switching initially and borrowing loanwords with phonological and morphological adaptation afterwards. The data for this research has been collected from the locale of Xi’an Muslim community through participant observation, extensive interviews and personal communications. The archival data has been consulted for historical information and the qualitative methodology is applied to analyse the collected information. It concludes that bilingualism and acculturation are inversely correlated in the case of the Chinese Muslim minority.
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