ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
SINCE 1997
 
TRAMES cover
TRAMES. A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 1736-7514 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-0922 (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.5

MENTAL HERBALS – A CONTEXT-SENSITIVE WAY OF LOOKING AT LOCAL ETHNOBOTANICAL KNOWLEDGE: EXAMPLES FROM BUKOVINA (ROMANIA); pp. 287–301

Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/tr.2012.3.04

Author
Iwona Kołodziejska-Degórska

Abstract

Since Local Environmental Knowledge (LEK) stems from numerous sources and is learned and transmitted variously, it is highly heterogeneous. One of the reasons for its heterogeneity is a fact that transmission routes and patterns depend mainly on different sources, such as personal experience, influence of others as well as books and media. The objective of this article is to show how useful the idea of mental herbal might be in deep, complex and contextualized description of heterogeneous structure of LEK on the example of Polish minority members in a village Pojana Miculi (Rom. Poiana Micului) – South Bukovina, Romania. The whole body of skills, practice and knowledge of plants held by a particular person is defined here as the mental herbal. Mental herbal approach implies focusing on the particular holders of LEK – their stories, perceptions, everyday practices, considering the environment, and the context, in which LEK functions.


References

Basso, Keith (1996) Wisdom sits in places. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Berkes, Fikret, Johan Colding, and Carl Folke (2000) “Rediscovery of traditional ecological knowledge as adaptive management”. Ecological Applications 10, 1251–1262.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/1051-0761(2000)010[1251:ROTEKA]2.0.CO;2

Borza, Alexandru (1968) Dicţionar etnobotanic, cuprizînd denumirile populare româneşti şi în alte limbi ale plantelor din România. Iaşi: Editura Academiei Republicii Socialiste România.

Butură, Valer (1979) Enciclopedie de etnobotanică Românească. Bucureşti: Editura Ştiinţifică şi Enciclopedică.

Cavalli-Sforza, Luigi Luca, and Marcus Feldman (1981) Cultural transmission and evolution: a quantitative approach. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Ellen, Roy (2008) Categorical impulse: essays in the anthropology of classifying behaviour. New York: Berghahn Books.

Feleszko, Kazimierz, Jerzy Molas, and Władysław Strutyński, eds. (1995) Bukowina. Blaski i cienie Europy w miniaturze”. Warszawa: Energeia.

Geertz, Clifford (1973) The interpretation of cultures. New York: Basic Books.

Ingold, Tim (2000) The perception of the environment: essays in livelihood, dwelling and skill. London and New York: Routledge.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203466025

Johnson, Martha (1992) “Research on traditional environmental knowledge: its development and its role”. In Lore: capturing traditional environmental knowledge, 1–22. Martha Johnson, ed. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre.

Karjalainen, Timo Pauli and Joachim Otto Habeck (2004) “When ‘the environment’ comes to visit: local environmental knowledge in the far north of Russia”. Environmental Values 13, 167–186.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3197/0963271041159877

Keeler, Sarah (2009) “Hackney’s ‘ethnic economy’ revisited: local food culture ethnic ‘purity’, and the politico-historical articulation of Kurdish identity”. In Travelling cultures and plants: the ethnobiology and ethnopharmacy of human migrations, 166–185. New York: Berghahn Books.

Kołodziejska-Degórska, Iwona (2008a) “Z czego ‘uwarić harbatę’? Dzikie rośliny jadane w polskich wsiach na południowej Bukowinie (Rumunia)”. In Materiały z konferencji Dzikie rośliny jadalne – zapomniany potencjał przyrody, Przemyśl-Bolestraszyce 13 września 2007 r., 219–226. Bolestraszyce: Arboretum i Zakład Fizjografii w Bolestraszycach.

Kołodziejska-Degórska, Iwona (2008b) “‘Zielniki mentalne’ mieszkańców wsi Bukowiny rumuńskiej (Pojana Mikuli i Plesza)”. Master’s thesis. University of Warsaw.

Krysiński, Wojciech (2006. Uroki Bukowiny. Obczyna Wielka. Przewodnik monografia. Żagań: Decorator.

Lozada, Mariana, Ana Ladio, and Mariana Weigandt (2006) “Cultural transmission of ethnobotanical knowledge in a rural community of northwestern Patagonia, Argentina”. Economic Botany 60, 4, 374–385.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1663/0013-0001(2006)60[374:CTOEKI]2.0.CO;2

Łuczaj, Łukasz (2011) “Herbal bouquets blessed on assumption day in south-eastern Poland: freelisting versus photographic inventory”. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 9, 2–26.

Mamulska, Anna, ed. (2000) Polacy w Rumunii mówią o sobie. Lublin and Leszno: Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa im. Jana Amosa Komeńskiego w Lesznie.

Martin, Garry (2004) Ethnobotany: a methods manual. London: Earthscan.

Müller-Schwarze, Nina K (2006) “Antes and Hoy Día: plant knowledge and categorization as adaptations to life in Panama in the twenty-first century”. Economic Botany 60, 4, 321–334.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1663/0013-0001(2006)60[321:AAHDPK]2.0.CO;2

Nadasdy, Paul (1999) “The politics of TEK: power and the ‘Integration’ of knowledge.” Arctic Anthropology 36, 1–2, 1–18.

National Romanian Census 2002 (Recensământ 2002). Available online at <http:// recensamant.referinte.transindex.ro/?pg=8>. Accessed on 20.02.2012.

Pieroni, Andrea, and Cassandra L. Quave (2006) “Functional foods or food medicines? On the consumption of wild plants among Albanians and southern Italians in Lucania.” In Eating and healing, 101–129. New York: Food Product Press and The Haworth Press.

Reyes-García, Victoria (2010) “The relevance of traditional knowledge systems for ethno­pharmaco­logical research: theoretical and methodological contributions”. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 6, 32.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-6-32

Shepard, Glenn H (2004) “A sensory ecology of medicinal plant therapy in two Amazonian societies”. American Anthropologist 106, 2, 252–266.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/aa.2004.106.2.252

Small, Mario Luis (2009) “‘How many cases do I need?’ On science and the logic of case selection in field-based research.” Ethnography 10, 1, 5–38.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1466138108099586

Sõukand, Renata (2010) Herbal landscape. Doctoral theses. Tartu: Tartu University Press.

Sõukand, Renata and Raivo Kalle (2010a) “Herbal landscape: the perception of landscape as a source of medicinal plants”. Trames 14, 3, 207–226.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3176/tr.2010.3.01

Sõukand, Renata and Raivo Kalle (2010b) “Plant as object within herbal landscape: different kinds of perception”. Biosemiotics 3, 3, 299–313.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12304-010-9078-9

Sõukand, Renata, and Raivo Kalle (2012) “Personal and shared: the reach of different herbal landscapes”. Estonian Journal of Ecology 61, 1, 20–36.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3176/eco.2012.1.04

“Związek Polaków w Rumunii, Uniunea Polonezilor din România”. Available online at <http://www.dompolski.ro/>. Accessed on 20.02.2012.


Back to Issue