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TRAMES. A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 1736-7514 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-0922 (Print)
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Full article in PDF format | DOI: 10.3176/tr.2012.1.03

Anu Aavik, Toivo Aavik


This study explores the differences and similarities in self-reported child-rearing activities and personal values between Estonian and Russian parents in Estonia using archival data. Participants included 236 Estonian and 111 Russian parents whose children, aged 10–16, attend regular schools. Parenting practices were evaluated using the QTP (Questionnaire for Rearing Tasks), and personal values using the EVI (Estonian Value Inventory). Applying factorial MANOVA led to the conclusion that parents’ education and ethnicity are statistically significant factors connecting their values and child-rearing activities. Some cross-cultural differences were also found: Estonians rate highly values like Benevolence, while Russians appreciate Conservatism. Results also suggest that Russian parents set limits and teach social norms to their child more frequently than Estonian parents, and Estonian parents are more frequently concerned about the acceptance and psychological environment of their child than Russian parents. Russian parents also put more time into raising their children than Estonians.


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