ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
SINCE 1997
 
TRAMES cover
TRAMES. A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 1736-7514 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-0922 (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.5

ABOUT THE LINGUISTIC CONSTITUTION OF SOCIAL SPACE: THE CASE OF ESTONIA; pp. 151–182

Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/tr.2008.2.03

Authors
Anu Masso, Tõnu Tender

Abstract
The article uses a theory of social space by Henri Lefebvre and is based on the assumption that analysing motivations for foreign language learning could help to understand the changes in social space. Using Estonia as an empirical example we are arguing that the country is moving from a transitional phase of social space to a post-transitional phase, i.e. the fast changes in language learning motivations and curricula, as well as the increasing number of personal or mediated contacts with different countries are replaced by a relative ‘calming down’ of social space, where the individual relationships with the geo-cultural world are developing. Using qualitative in-depth interviews as the empirical basis, the analysis found four different individual linguistic-spatial strategies – spatial production based on unchanging morphologies; spatial production based on historical and power connotations; spatial production based on connotations of con­sumerism and spatial production based on cultural meanings. In our opinion, the last strategy supports social change most positively. Taking into account the importance of the consumerist and spatial meanings of language, we believe that these aspects should be taken into account in developing language policies.
References

Ahearn, Laura M. (2001) “Language and agency”. Annual Review of Anthropology 30, 1, 109–137.
doi:10.1146/annurev.anthro.30.1.109

Anderson, A. Barbara and John H. Romani (2005) “Changing social priorities and the increased salience of the economy in Estonia”. Nationalities Papers 33, 3, 303–314.
doi:10.1080/00905990500193170

Blommaert, Jan James Collins, Stef Slembrouck (2005) “Spaces of multilingualism”. Language & Communication 25, 197–216.
doi:10.1016/j.langcom.2005.05.002

Brubaker, Rogers (1997) Nationalism reframed: nationhood and the national question in the New Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Castells, Manuel (1997) The rise of the network society. Malden (Mass.); Oxford: Blackwell.

Collins, James and Stef Slembrouck (2005) “Multilingualism and diasporic populations: spatializing practices, institutional processes, and social hierarchies”. Language and Communication, 25 189–195.
doi:10.1016/j.langcom.2005.03.006

Crookes, Graham and Richard Schmidt (1991) “Motivation: reopening the research agenda.” Language Learning 41, 469–512.
doi:10.1111/j.1467-1770.1991.tb00690.x

Dey, Ian (1998) Qualitative data analysis: a user-friendly guide for social scientists. London, New York: Routledge.

Elden, Stuart (2004) “Between Marx and Heidegger: politics, philosophy and Lefebvre’s The production of space. Antipode 36, 1, 86–105.
doi:10.1111/j.1467-8330.2004.00383.x

Fairclough, Norman (1995) Critical discourse analysis: the critical study of language. Harlow [etc.]: Longman.

Feldman, Gregory (2000) “Shifting the perspective on identity discourse in Estonia”. Journal of Baltic Studies 31: 4, 406–428.

Fischer, Mike (1997) Qualitative computing; using software for qualitative data analysis. Aldershot etc: Ashgate Pub.

Gardner, Robert C.

 (1985) Social psychology and language learning: the role of attitudes and motivation. London: Edward Arnold.

Guilherme, Manuela (2007) “English as a global language and education for cosmopolitan citizen­ship”. Language & Intercultural Communication 7, 1, 72–90.

Heinz, Bettina; Cynthia Hsin-I Cheng, and Inuzuka, Ako (2007) “Greenpeace greenspeak: a transcultural discourse analysis”. Language & Intercultural Communication 7, 1, 16–36.

Key data on teaching languages at school in Europe – 2005 edition. Brussels: Eurydice, 2005.

Krashen, Stephen (1982) Principles and practices of second language acquisition. New York: Pergamon.

Lash, Scott and Jonathan Friedman, eds (1992) Modernity and identity.Oxford, Cambridge: Blackwell.

Lauristin, Marju (2004) “Eesti ühiskonna kihistumine” (The stratification of Estonian society). Eesti elavik 21. sajandi algul: ülevaade uurimuse Mina. Maailm. Meedia tulemustest, 251–285. [Estonian lifeworld in the beginning of 21st century: overview of the results of the research Me, the Media and the World.] Veronika Kalmus, Marju Lauristin, Pille Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, eds. Tartu: Tartu University Press.

Lefebvre, Henri (1991) The production of space. Oxford: Blackwell.

Lehmann, Christian (2006) “On the value of a language”. European Review 14, 2, 151–166.
doi:10.1017/S1062798706000159

Lewins, Ann and Christina Silver (2007) Using software in qualitative research: a step-by-step guide. Thousand Oaks (Calif.): Sage Publications.

Masso, Anu (2007) “The structure of personal spatialities in Estonia and Sweden”. Journal of Baltic Studies 38, 3, 349–372.
doi:10.1080/01629770701526805

Masso, Anu (2008) “Lifeworlds in an enlarged Europe: differences in personal spatiality in Estonia and Sweden “ Manuscript accepted for publication in European Societies.

Masso, Anu and Tõnu Tender (2007) “Cultural sustainability in a transition society: relations between foreign languages and geo-cultural self-position in Estonia”. The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic & Social Sustainability 3, 3, 163–172.

Mayring, Philipp (2003) Qualitative Inhaltsanalyse. Weinheim: Deutscher Studien Verlag.

Melvin, Neil (1995) Russians beyond Russia. The politics of national identity. London: The Royal Institute of International Affairs.

Méndez, García, María; María Luisa Pérez Cañado, (2005) “Language and power: raising awareness of the role of language in multicultural teams”. Language & Intercultural Communication 5, 1, 86–104.

Mõistlik, Anu (2007) Võimusuhete konstrueerimine nõukogude ajalehediskursuses 19461979. [Linguistic methods used in the Soviet Estonia to fasten and enhance the power of the Communist Party] Magistritöö, Tartu Ülikool, sotsiaalteaduskond, ajakirjanduse ja kom­mu­nikatsiooni osakond.

O’Rourke, Bernadette (2005) “Expressing identity through lesser-used languages: examples from the Irish and Galician contexts”. Language & Intercultural Communication 5, 3/4, 274–283.

Schütz, Alfred and Thomas Luckmann (2003) Strukturen der Lebenswelt. Konstaz: UVK Verlangs­gesellschaft.

Spolsky, Bernard (1969) “Attitudinal aspects of second language learning.” Language Learning 19: 271−283.
doi:10.1111/j.1467-1770.1969.tb00468.x

Tanner, Jari (2007) “Estonia presses on with moving of Red Army memorial despite riots”. The Independent Apr 30.

Tarand, Kaarel (2007) “Sibula koht on juurviljaaias”. [The onion’s place is in the vegetable garden] Sirp. Eesti kultuurileht 31.aug.

Tender, Tõnu (2007) “Eesti formaalharidussüsteemi võõrkeeleõppepoliitika suundumusi”. [Orienta­tions in policies of foreign languages teaching] Emakeel ja teised keeled V. Tartu Ülikooli eesti keele (võõrkeelena) õppetooli toimetised 6, 227−241.

Tender, Tõnu and Triin Vihalemm (forthcoming) “Mother tongue plus two foreign languages: is the objective sufficient to preserve linguistic diversity in Europe?”. Manuscript delivered for the publication consideration for the Language Policy.

Trost, Jan (2004) Kvalitativa intervuer. Lund: Studentltteratur.

Ussubalijev, Turdakun (1984) Rahvaste sõprus on meie hindamatu saavutus. [The friendship between nations is our invaluable achievement] Tallinn: Eesti Raamat.

Van Lier, Leo (1996) Interaction in the language curriculum. Awareness, autonomy and authenticity. New York: Sage.

Vihalemm, Peeter (2004) “Maailm Eestist väljaspool: kogemus ja kontaktid, huvid ja hoiakud”. [The world outside of Estonia.] Eesti elavik 21. sajandi algul: ülevaade uurimuse Mina. Maailm. Meedia tulemustest, 75-85. [Estonian lifeworld in the beginning of 21st century: overview of the results of the research Me, the Media and the World.] Veronika Kalmus, Marju Lauristin, Pille Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, eds. Tartu: Tartu University Press.

Vihalemm, Triin and Anu Masso (2007) “(Re)construction of collective identities after the dis­solution of the Soviet Union: the case of Estonia”. Nationalities Papers 35, 1, 71–91.
doi:10.1080/00905990601124496

Vihalemm, Triin, Anu Masso and Peeter Vihalemm (2004) “Eesti kujunev keeleruum” [Forming language space in Estonia.] Eesti elavik 21. sajandi algul: ülevaade uurimuse Mina. Maailm. Meedia tulemustest, 57–73. [Estonian lifeworld in the beginning of 21st century: overview of the results of the research Me, the Media and the World.] Veronika Kalmus, Marju Lauristin, Pille Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, eds. Tartu: Tartu University Press.

Wawra, Daniela (2006) “United in diversity: British and German minority language policies in the context of a European language policy”. Language & Intercultural Communication 6, 3–4, 219–233.


Back to Issue