ESTONIAN ACADEMY
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akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
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TRAMES cover
TRAMES. A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 1736-7514 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-0922 (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.5

THE PROFILE OF THE JUDGE IN THE EUROPEAN TRADITION; pp. 204–214

Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/tr.2008.2.05

Author
Michael Stolleis

Abstract
The paper discusses the changing profile of the “judge” as a centre of nearly every legal culture in history. In the pre-modern eras the identity or distances between kings, priests and judges are decisive as indicators of the political model. Since the late 18th century the judge in European countries gets more and more a profile as an independent third function in the modern constitutional model. Today constitutional courts in many states and the European courts in Luxemburg and Strasburg are controlling the “normal judges” on every stage, but also the legislators. They do it although the interaction of national and international, European and private-produced law is more complex than ever.
References

Schmidt-Aßmann, Eberhard (2004) “Der Rechtsstaat”. In Handbuch des Staatsrechts. 3rd ed., § 26. J. Isensee, P. Kirchhof, eds. Heidelberg.

Stolleis, Michael (2003) “Judicial review, administrative review, and constitutional review in the Weimar Republic”. Ratio Juris. An International Journal of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law 16, 2, 266–280.

Stolleis, Michael (2006) L’oeil de la loi. Histoire d’une metaphore. Paris.

Stolleis, Michael (2004) A history of public law in Germany. Vol. III (1914–1945). Oxford. 

Wesel, Uwe (2001) Geschichte des Rechts. 2. Aufl. München.
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