ESTONIAN ACADEMY
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TRAMES. A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 1736-7514 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-0922 (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.5

THE BASIC COLOUR TERMS OF CZECH; pp. 3-28

Full article in PDF format | DOI: 10.3176/tr.2008.1.01

Author
Mari Uusküla

Abstract
This article reports a study on Czech basic colour terms, the aim of which was to establish their exact number. A basic colour term is understood as Brent Berlin and Paul Kay defined it in 1969. The data for the study was collected using the field method of Ian Davies and Greville Corbett (1994). Fifty-two native speakers of Czech, aged 15 to 70, performed two tasks: a colour-term list task and a colour naming task. The list task was complemented by the cognitive salience index designed by Sutrop (2001, 2002). An analysis of the results shows that there are exactly 11 basic colour terms in Czech – bílá ‘white’, červená ‘red’, žlutá ‘yellow’, modrá ‘blue’, zelená ‘green’, černá ‘black’, oranžová ‘orange’, fialová ‘purple’, hnědá ‘brown’, růžová ‘pink’, and šedá ‘grey’. Czech language does not possess an additional basic colour term rudá for red and there is no colour term meaning blue and yellow as been suggested in some studies.
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