eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
SINCE 1952
Proceeding cover
of the estonian academy of sciences
ISSN 1736-7530 (Electronic)
ISSN 1736-6046 (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 1.045

Monitoring of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans, and polychlorinated biphenyls in Estonian food; pp. 193–200

Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/proc.2011.3.08

Ott Roots, Hannu Kiviranta, Tagli Pitsi, Panu Rantakokko, Päivi Ruokojärvi, Mart Simm, Raivo Vokk, Leili Järv

Persistent organic pollutants are mainly compounds that include chlorine, which are posing a threat to human health and impairing living organisms and ecosystems due to their toxicity, persistence, and bioaccumulation. National authorities have the responsibility and obligation to ensure that toxic chemicals are not present in food at levels that may adversely affect the health of the consumers. The concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzodioxins/polychlorinated dibenzofurans and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls in food samples (pork, mutton, beef, poultry, butter, milk, eggs, fish preserves, and rape oil) were analysed and compared to overall food consumption data in Estonia. The results indicated that the food consumed in Estonia was safe concerning these chemicals and that the recommended two servings of fish a week would not be harmful to Estonian people’s health.

Estonian Institute of Economic Research. 2003. Kala ja kalatoodete turg Eestis [The Market of Fish and Fish Products in Estonia]. Tallinn (in Estonian).

Isosaari, P., Hallikainen, A., Kiviranta, H., Vuorinen, P. J., Parmanne, R., Koistinen J., and Vartiainen, T. 2006. Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, biphenyl, naphthalenes and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in the edible fish caught from the Baltic Sea and lakes in Finland. Environ. Pollut., 141, 213–225.

Kiviranta, H., Hallikainen, A., Ovaskainen, M.-L., Kumpulai­nen, J., and Vartiainen, T. 2001. Dietary intakes of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans and polychlorinated biphenyls in Finland. Food Addit. Contam., 18(11), 945–953.

Kiviranta, H., Ovaskainen, M.-L., and Vartiainen, T. 2004. Market basket study on dietary intake of PCDD/Fs, PCBs, and PBDEs in Finland. Environ. Int., 30, 923–932.

Maggioni, S., Benfenati, E., Colosio, C., Moretto, A., Roots, O., Tasiopoulou, S., and Visentin, S. 2009. Food con­tamina­tion control in European new Member States and associated candidate countries: data collected within the SAFEFOODNET project. J. Environ. Sci. Health B, 44, 407–414.

Malisch, R. and Dilara, P. 2004. PCDD/Fs and PCBs in butter samples from new European Union member states and candidate countries. Organohalogen Compounds, 66, 2080–2084.

Pandelova, M., Henkelmann, B., Roots, O., Simm, M., Järv, L., Benfenati, E., and Schramm, K.-W. 2008. Levels of PCDD/F and dioxin-like PCB in Baltic fish of different age and gender. Chemosphere, 71, 369–378.

Parmanne, R., Hallikainen, A., Isosaari, P., Kiviranta, H., Kois­tinen, J., Laine, O., Rantakokko, P., Vuori­nen, P. J., and Vartiainen, T. 2006. The dependence of organohalogen compounds concentrations on herring age and size in the Bothnian Sea, Northern Baltic. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 52, 149–161.

Pomerleau, J., McKee, M., Robertson, A., Kadziauskiene, K., Abaravicius, A., Vaask, S., Pudule, I., and Grin­berga, D. 2001. Macronutrient and food intake in the Baltic Republics. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr., 55, 200–207.

Roots, O. 2007. PCDDs, PCDFs and DL-PCBs in some selected Estonian and imported food samples. Fresen. Environ. Bull., PSP, 16(12b), 1662–1666.

Roots, O. and Zitko, V. 2004. Chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in the Baltic herring and sprat of Estonian coastal waters. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 11, 186–193.

Roots, O. and Zitko, V. 2006. The effect of age on the con­centration of polychlorinated benzo-p-dioxins, dibenzo­furans and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls in the Baltic herring and sprat. Fresen. Environ. Bull., 15, 207–219.

Roots, O., Lahne, R., Simm, M., and Schramm, K.-W. 2003. Dioxins in the Baltic herring and sprat in Estonian coastal waters. Organohalogen Compounds, 62, 201–203.

Roots, O., Simm, M., Järv, L., Henkelmann, B., and Schramm, K.-W. 2004. Levels of PCDD/Fs and dioxin like PCBs in perch from the North-Eastern part of the Baltic Sea. Organohalogen Compounds, 2004, 66, 1691–1694 (DIOXIN 2004, Germany, August 24–29).

Roots, O., Simm, M., Kiviranta, H., and Rantakokko, P. 2008. Persistent organic pollutants (POPs): food safety control in Estonia. In The Fate of Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Environment (Mehmetli, E. and Koumanova, B., eds). NATO Science for Peace and Security series. Springer, 173–185.

Santillo, D., Fernandes, A., Stringer, R., Johnston, P., Rose, M., and White, S. 2001. Concentrations of PCDDs, PCDFs, and PCBs in samples of butter from 24 countries. Organochlorine Compounds, 51, 275–278.

Simm, M., Roots, O., Kotta, J., Lankov, A., Henkelmann, B., Shen, H., and Schramm, K.-W. 2006. PCDD/Fs in sprat (Sprattus sprattus balticus) from the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic Sea. Chemosphere, 65, 1570–1575.

Vaask, S., Liebert, T., Maser, M., Pappel, K., Pitsi, T., Saava, M., Sooba, E., Vihalemm, T., and Villa, I. 2006. Eesti toitumis- ja toidusoovitused [Estonian Nutrition and Food Recommendations]. Estonian Society of Nutritional Science, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn (in Estonian).

Weiss, J., Päpke, O., and Bergman, A. 2001. PCDDs, PCDFs and related contaminants in butter originating from 39 countries worldwide. Organochlorine Compounds, 51, 271–274.
Back to Issue