ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
SINCE 1984
 
Oil Shale cover
Oil Shale
ISSN 1736-7492 (Electronic)
ISSN 0208-189X (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.934

CO-COMBUSTION OF COAL AND OIL SHALE BLENDS IN CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED BOILERS; pp. 114–127

Full article in PDF format | https://doi.org/10.3176/oil.2019.2S.03

Authors
ALAR KONIST, HELIIS PIKKOR, DMITRI NESHUMAYEV, LAURI LOO, OLIVER JÄRVIK, ANDRES SIIRDE, TÕNU PIHU

Abstract

Coal co-firing experiments were conducted in a 250 MW oil shale fired circulating fluidized bed combustion (CFBC) boiler. The objective of the experiments was to test whether adding coal to oil shale would allow the use of the latter with lower heating value. Bituminous coal was mixed with oil shale and fed into the boiler via existing fuel feeding ports. Two test series were accomplished: 11–29% thermal input of coal mixed with 8.4 MJ/kg oil shale (standard fuel), and 12–32% thermal input of coal mixed with 7.5 MJ/kg oil shale. During the experiments, which lasted in total for 15 days, ash samples were collected and flue gas analysis was performed. The boilers were able to continue work with all the fuel mixtures, but a significant increase of nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions and heat losses due to unburnt carbon in the bottom and fly ashes were observed. The heat losses can be reduced by upgrading the fuel preparation system, but NOx emissions limit can be reached only with installation of an additional DeNOx system. The ash chemical composition remained similar. Sulphur emissions stayed minimal, but a slight increase of carbon monoxide concentration was noticed. Coal co-firing is possible in oil shale CFBC boilers, but the coal must have low fuel nitrogen content and extra attention to the fuel preparation system has to be paid.


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