ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
SINCE 1984
 
Oil Shale cover
Oil Shale
ISSN 1736-7492 (Electronic)
ISSN 0208-189X (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.934

AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE CHARACTERISTICS AND KINETICS OF OIL SHALE OXY-FUEL COMBUSTION BY THERMOGRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS; pp. 1–18

Full article in PDF format | https://doi.org/10.3176/oil.2019.1.01

Authors
FENGTIAN BAI, JINMIN ZHAO, YUMIN LIU

Abstract

The characteristics of Huadian oil shale combustion in O2/CO2 atmospheres were compared to those in O2/N2 atmospheres by using non-isothermal methods. The combustion kinetics parameters were calculated using the Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS) and Friedman methods. Specifically, the effect of oxygen concentration (10, 20, 30, 50, 65 and 80% O2) and heating rate (2, 5, 10 and 20 °C min−1) on the combustion reactivity and kinetics of Huadian oil shale in CO2-based and N2-based atmospheres were investigated to identify the optimal gases mixture and oxygen concentration. Comparison of the combustion performances of oil shale in CO2/O2 and N2/O2 environments indicated that the organic matter combusted earlier in CO2-based atmospheres than in N2-based atmospheres when the oxygen concentration was 10% and 20%. Meanwhile, the average activation energies of organic matter combustion in CO2-based atmospheres was higher than those in N2-based atmospheres at an oxygen concentration of 10% and 20%. With an appropriate amount of O2 and CO2, the combustion performance of oil shale in 30% O2/70% CO2 was superior to that in 30% O2/70% N2, and the combustion activation energy in the 30% O2/70% CO2 atmosphere was also lower. The similar combustion processes and activation energies of oxy-fuel and conventional combustion with oxygen concentrations above 50% indicate that oxygen plays a leading role in organic matter combustion under high oxic conditions. The results reveal that the 30% O2/70% CO2 atmosphere is optimal for oil shale combustion.


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