eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
SINCE 1984
Oil Shale cover
Oil Shale
ISSN 1736-7492 (Electronic)
ISSN 0208-189X (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.934


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In this paper, the effect of several transition metal salts such as FeCl2∙4H2O, CoCl2∙6H2O, NiCl2∙6H2O and ZnCl2 on oil shale pyrolysis was investigated, based on thermal decomposition characteristics and product yields and compositions. The salts were added individually to Chinese Huadian oil shale by physical mixing. Pyrolysis experiments of oil shale with and without transition metal salts were performed in a thermogravimetric analyzer and a fixed bed reactor. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) sug­gested that CoCl2·6H2O and NiCl2·6H2O could promote oil shale pyrolysis, leading to a greater thermogravimetric mass loss than raw oil shale. By contrast, FeCl2∙4H2O and ZnCl2 had only a slight effect on the decomposition behavior of oil shale. The results of fixed bed pyrolysis experiments showed that all metal salts enhanced the secondary cracking of shale oil, which decreased the oil yield and increased the pyrolytic gas yield. The metal salts could also catalyze the aromatization of aliphatic hydrocarbons to yield aromatic hydrocarbons. The catalytic activity of the studied salts decreased in the order NiCl2∙6H2O > CoCl2∙6H2O > ZnCl2 > FeCl2∙4H2O.


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