eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
SINCE 1984
Oil Shale cover
Oil Shale
ISSN 1736-7492 (Electronic)
ISSN 0208-189X (Print)
Impact Factor (2022): 1.9


This work investigated the kinetic parameters of the thermal decom­position of Estonian kukersite oil shale (OS) organic part in air atmo­spheres at various oxygen-nitrogen ratios. During oil shale combustion, two combustion phases were recognized but could not be separated. Thermo­gravimetric analysis (TGA) of oil shale combustion was conducted in nitrogen-based gases at different oxygen concentrations (5–50% O2) and heating rates (1, 10, 30 and 50 K/min). The authors modeled oil shale devolatilization and char combustion at different oxygen concentrations by using a discrete activation energy model. The process could be described by four parallel independent reactions. The activation energies were 105–134 kJ/mol. The combustion rate was found to be dependent on oxygen partial pressure. The power variables of the oxygen concentration for the reaction models were optimized and compared against a unity base case. Using these data, oil shale devolatilization and char combustion in nitrogen-based environments were modeled.


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