eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
SINCE 1984
Oil Shale cover
Oil Shale
ISSN 1736-7492 (Electronic)
ISSN 0208-189X (Print)
Impact Factor (2022): 1.9


The composition and cementitious properties upon hydration and alkali activation of the solid heat carrier (SHC) ash produced in a new Enefit280 retort was studied. The Enefit280 waste heat boiler (WHB) ash is different from other SHC solid residues. It does not contain residual organics, but is characterized by a low content of reactive Ca-phases and the soluble amorphous (aluminium)-silicate phase/glass material. Cementation of Enefit280 ash upon hydration with plain water is limited and its uniaxial compressive strength stays < 4 MPa after 28 days of curing. Ash mixtures activated with sodium silicate based mixtures show higher compressive strength values, reaching > 10 MPa after 28 days of curing. The Enefit280 ash, compared to other ash types forming in the Estonian oil shale pro­ces­sing industry, has significantly poorer self-cementing properties. This needs to be taken into account when designing waste depositories, if other types of ash with better self-cementing properties are not co-deposited with this ash.


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