ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
SINCE 1984
 
Oil Shale cover
Oil Shale
ISSN 1736-7492 (Electronic)
ISSN 0208-189X (Print)
Impact Factor (2021): 1.442
ACCUMULATION STAGES AND EVOLUTION CHARACTERISTICS OF OIL SHALE AND COAL IN THE DUNHUA-MISHAN FAULT ZONE, NORTHEAST CHINA; pp. 203–215
PDF | doi: 10.3176/oil.2016.3.01

Authors
YINBO XU, QINGTAO MENG, PINGCHANG SUN, ZHAOJUN LIU, YUEYUE BAI, RONG LIU, FEI HU
Abstract

Several coal- and oil shale-bearing basins are distributed in the Dunhua-Mishan Fault Zone in Northeast China, while there are certain differences in sedimentary association and occurrence characteristics between the deposited rocks. Based on the results of previous research on strati­graphic correlation, the depositional age of sediments in the Fushun Basin is the Paleogene-Eocene, in the Huadian Basin it is the Eocene-Oligocene, and in the Meihe Basin, the Eocene-Early Oligocene. In the Fushun Basin, huge thick coal seams were formed in the Guchengzi Forma­tion, thick low-quality oil shale layers were distributed in the lower part of the Jijuntun Formation and thick high-quality oil shale layers were developed in the Upper Jijuntun Formation. In the Meihe Formation of the Meihe Basin, coal seams were deposited in both the Lower Coal-bearing Member and the Upper Coal-bearing Member, while oil shale layers were formed in the Middle Mudstone Member. In the Huadian Basin, thin high-quality oil shale layers were deposited in the Oil Shale Member and thin coal seams were accumulated in the Carbonaceous Shale Member. Thick coal seams were mainly deposited in the swamp with abundant land plant supply during the initial tectonic subsidence stage of the Dunhua-Mishan Fault Zone in the warm and humid paleoclimate. Relatively high-quality oil shale layers were all formed in the deep lake during the maximum tectonic subsidence evolution stages of these three basins, and the organic matter sourced from algae. Oil shale in the Fushun and Meihe basins was deposited in the warm and humid paloeoclimate, while in the Huadian Basin the climate varied from wet to dry. Investigation showed the Dunhua-Mishan Fault Zone to have gone through two coal-forming stages and one oil shale-forming stage. Coal seams in the Fushun Basin and the lower part of the Meihe Basin accumulated in the Ypresian stage, while those in the Huadian Basin and the upper part of the Meihe Basin were deposited in the Bartonian-Priabonian stage. In contrast, oil shale layers in these three basins were all mineralized in the Lutetian stage.

References

1.     Liu, Z. J., Yang, H. L., Dong, Q. S., Zhu, J. W., Guo, W., Ye, S. Q., Liu, R., Meng, Q. T., Zhang, H. L., Gan, S. C. Oil Shale in China. Petroleum Industry Press, Beijing, 2009, 343 pp (in Chinese with English abstract).

2.     Cui, X. S., Liu, F. The metallogenic regularities of energy minerals in the Dunhua-Mishan fault zone. Jilin Geology, 2012, 31, 81–84 (in Chinese with English abstract).

3.     Sun, X. M., Wang, S. Q., Wang, Y. D., Du, J. Y., Xu, W. Q. The structural feature and evolutionary series in the northern segment of Tancheng-Lujiang fault zone. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 2010, 26(1), 165–176 (in Chinese with English abstract).

4.     Meng, Q. T., Liu, Z. J., Bruch, A. A., Liu, R., Hu, F.. Palaeoclimatic evolution during Eocene and its influence on oil shale mineralisation, Fushun basin, China. J. Asian Earth Sci., 2012, 45, 95–105.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2011.09.021

5.     Bai, Y. Y., Liu, Z. J., Sun, P. C., Liu, R., Hu, X. F., Zhao, H. Q., Xu, Y. B. Rare earth and major element geochemistry of Eocene fine-grained sediments in oil shale- and coal-bearing layers of the Meihe Basin, Northeast China. J Asian Earth Sci., 2015, 97, 89–101.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2014.10.008

6.     Sun, P. C., Liu, Z. J., Meng, Q. T., Liu, R., Jia, J. L., Hu, X. F. Effect of the basin-fill features on oil shale formation in Paleogene, Huadian Basin. Journal of China Coal Society, 2011, 36(7), 1110–1116 (in Chinese with English abstract).

7.     Qu, S. Characteristic and its geological significance of the palynological assemblage of the Lower Tertiary Genjiajie Group in Fushun Basin. Journal of Changchun University of Earth Sciences, 1993, 23, 411–415 (in Chinese with English abstract).

8.     Hong, Y. C., Yang, Z. Q., Wang, S. T., Sun, X. J., Du, N. Q., Sun, M. R., Li, Y. G. A Research on the Strata and Palaeontology of the Fushun Coal Field in Liaoning Province. Science Press, Beijing, 1980 (in Chinese).

9.     Chen, B. L., Qu, S. Q., Fang, D. Q., Dou, H., Che, Q. P. Reinvestigation of the Eogene System in Fushun Basin. Journal of Daqing Petroleum Institute, 1995, 19, 19–22.

10. Hu, S. T., Kang, X. D., Wu, K. P., Wang, Y. F. Sedimentary coal accumulating environment of Meihe Basin. Coal Geology of China, 1996, 8(2), 13–15 (in Chinese with English abstract).

11. Zhang, P. L., Lu, B. C., Li, C. T., Sun, J. R., Liu, A. Discovery of the Huadian Fauna of the early Tertiary and its geological significance. Jilin Geology, 1986, 12(4), 1–14 (in Chinese with English abstract).

12. Meng, Q. T.. Research on Petrologic and Geochemical Characteristics of Eocene Oil Shale and Its Enrichment regularity, Huadian Basin. Jilin Uni­versity, 2010, 136 pp (in Chinese with English abstract).

13. Wang, D. F. The Paleocene basalts in the Fushun District and their tectonic significance in development of Tancheng–Lujiang Fault Belt. Acta Petrol. Mineral., 1986, 5(3), 212–219 (in Chinese with English abstract).

14. Wang, H. F., Zhang, T. S., Dai, C. R., Luo, M., Hu, W. W., Xie, X. A. Strati­graphic division and correlation of the Upper Jurassic-Pliocene in the Dunhua basin. Geology in China, 2008, 35(1), 40–53 (in Chinese with English abstract).

15. Jin, L. Y. Characteristics of Wulin-faulted stratum and oil shale deposit in Liushuhezi basin, Linkou County. Coal Technology, 2009, 28(9), 143–144 (in Chinese with English abstract).

16.  Bai, Y. Y., Liu, Z. J., Sun, P. C., Liu, R., Hu, X. F., Zhao, H. Q., Xu, Y. B. Organic matter accumulation patterns of coal bearing layers in the lower part of Meihe Formation in Paleogene, Meihe Basin. Journal of Coal Science & Engineering (China), 2014, 39(S2), 458–464 (in Chinese with English abstract).

17. Li, B. Y., Yao, S. Q., Sun, P. C., Xu, Y. B., Liu, R., Bai, Y. Y. Characteristics and origin of oil shale in Meihe Basin. Global Geology, 2014, 33(2), 457–464 (in Chinese with English abstract).

18. Sun, P. C., Sachsenhofer, R. F., Liu, Z. J., Strobl, S. A. I., Meng, Q. T., Liu, R., Zhen, Z. Organic matter accumulation in the oil shale- and coal-bearing Huadian Basin (Eocene; NE China). Int. J. Coal Geol., 2013, 105, 1–15.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coal.2012.11.009

19. Quan, C., Liu, Y. S. C., Utescher, T. Paleogene temperature gradient, seasonal variation and climate evolution of northeast China. Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 2012, 313–314, 150–161.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.10.016

20. Strob, S. A. I., Sachsenhofer, R. F., Bechtel, A., Meng, Q. T. Paleoenvironment of the Eocene coal seam in the Fushun Basin (NE China): Implications from petrography and organic geochemistry. Int. J. Coal Geol., 2014, 134–135, 24–37.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.coal.2014.10.001

21. Liu, R., Liu, Z. J., Meng, Q. T., Sun, P. C., Zhou, R. J., Liu, D. Q., Yang, D. Paleolake evolution of Eocene in Fushun basin. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 2010, 28(4), 688–695 (in Chinese with English abstract).

22. Strobl, S. A. I., Sachsenhofer, R. F., Bechtel, A., Gratzer, R., Gross, D., Bokhari, S. N. H., Liu, R., Liu, Z. J., Meng, Q. T., Sun, P. C. Depositional environ­ment of oil shale within the Eocene Jijuntun Formation in the Fushun Basin (NE China). Mar. Petrol. Geol., 2014, 56, 166–183.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.04.011

23.          Xu, Y. B., Liu, R., Liu, Z. J., Sun, P. C., Wang, J. P., Yao, S. Q., Hu, X. F., Zhao, H. Q. Deposition evolution and enrichment pattern of organic matter of the Meihe Formation in the Paleogene, Meihe Basin. Journal of China Coal Society, 2013, 38(11), 2007–2016 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Back to Issue