ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
SINCE 1984
 
Oil Shale cover
Oil Shale
ISSN 1736-7492 (Electronic)
ISSN 0208-189X (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.934

CHARACTERISTICS AND DISTRIBUTIONS OF MARINE PALEO-RESERVOIRS IN THE NORTHERN MARGIN OF THE JIANGNAN-XUEFENG UPLIFT, SOUTHERN CHINA; pp. 225–237

Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/oil.2014.3.03

Authors
DAFEI DENG, LIANFU MEI, CHUANBO SHEN, ZHAOQIAN LIU, JIGUANG TANG, YUANFANG FAN

Abstract

More than 156 marine paleo-reservoirs (or residual oil reservoirs) and hydrocarbon shows are found in the Neoproterozoic, Paleozoic and Meso­zoic marine strata of the northern margin of the Jiangnan-Xuefeng uplift, southern China. In this paper, the characteristics and distributions of marine paleo-reservoirs are statistically analyzed. It is suggested that paleo-reservoirs and hydrocarbon shows were controlled by the ancient uplift and its tectonic evolution. These paleo-reservoirs and hydrocarbon shows in different marine strata have different characteristics and distributions. Paleo-reservoirs and bituminous shows appear mainly in the Ediacaran system of the Neoproterozoic and Lower Paleozoic, and oil and gas shows occur predominantly in the Permian and Triassic, which is obviously related to the development of source rocks and thermal evolution of hydrocarbon. The paleo-reservoir bitumen and hydrocarbons fill predominantly in the fractures and pores of carbonate and clastic reservoirs, which are controlled by the characteristics of original reservoirs and their succeeding transforma­tion with the tectonic evolution, respectively. As estimated by the reservoir scale sequential method, the marine strata hold approximately 368 × 108 tonnes of total geological reserves in place of an initial crude oil in the northern margin of the Jiangnan-Xuefeng uplift.


References

  1. Charvet, J., Shu, L. S., Shi, Y. S., Guo, L. Z., Faure, M. The building of South China: Collision of Yangzi and Cathaysia blocks, problems and tentative answers. J. Southe. Asian Earth Sci., 1996, 13(3–5), 223–235.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0743-9547(96)00029-3

  2. Shu, L. S., Charvet, J. Kinematics and geochronology of the Proterozoic Dong­xiang-Shexian ductile shear zone: with HP metamorphism and ophiolitic melange (Jiangnan region, South China). Tectonophysics, 1996, 267(1–4), 291–302.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0040-1951(96)00104-7

  3. Mei, L. F., Liu, Z. Q., Tang, J. G., Shen, C. B., Fan, Y. F. Mesozoic intra-continental progressive deformation in western Hunan-Hubei-eastern Sichuan provinces of China: evidence from apatite fission track and balanced cross-section. Earth Science (Journal of China University of Geosciences), 2010, 35(2), 161–174 (in Chinese with English abstract).

  4. Mei, L. F., Fei, Q. Oil-gas shows of marine strata in central Yangtze region and its significance in petroleum geology. Oil & Gas Geology, 1992, 13(2), 155–166 (in Chinese with English abstract).

  5. Zhao, Z. J., Zhu, Y., Deng, H. Y., Xu, Y. J. Control of paleouplifts to the Meso-Paleozoic primary oil and gas pools in the South of China. Experimental Petroleum Geology, 2003, 25(1), 10–17 (in Chinese with English abstract).

  6. Liu, Y. L., Shen, Z. M., Ding, D. G., Leng, D. X., Liu, G. X., Rao, D. The characters of the old asphalt-oil pool in the Jiangnan-Xuefeng thrust nappe front and the correlation of oil sources. Journal of Chengdu University of Technology (Science & Technology Edition), 2008, 35(1), 34–40 (in Chinese with English abstract).

  7. Han, S. Q., Wang, S. D., Hu, W. Y. The discovery of a paleopool in Majiang and its geological significance. Oil & Gas Geology, 1982, 3(4), 316–326 (in Chinese with English abstract).

  8. Wu, W. W. The formation and destruction of palaeo-oil-reservoirs in the east of Guizhou province. Guizhou Geology, 1989, 6(1), 9–22 (in Chinese with English abstract).

  9. Jin, Z. J., Zhou, Y. First discovery of a destroyed large Upper Cambrian oil pool in Wangcun Town, South China. Natural Gas Geosciences, 2009, 20(2), 159–161 (in Chinese with English abstract).

10. Luo, Z. Taishan ancient oilfield in Yuhang county of Zhejiang. Geology of Zhejiang, 1995, 11(1), 63–68 (in Chinese with English abstract).

11. Shan, X. L., Che, C. B., Li, J., Fan, C. Y., Zang, C. Y., Wang, Q. B. Present status of oil sand resources at home and abroad. Global Geology, 2007, 26(4): 459–464 (in Chinese with English abstract).

12. Jiang, Z. X., Pang, X. Q., Liu, L. F., Wang, X. D., Zhang, J., Li, H. Y. Quantitative study of the amount of destruction hydrocarbon of Silurian asphaltic sand in Tarim Basin. Science in China (Series D: Earth Sciences), 2008, 38, 89–94 (in Chinese).

13. Gao, J. W., He, D. F., Wang, Z. M. Formation and distribution of giant oil and gas fields in North America petroliferous domain. China Petroleum Explora­tion, 2011(3), 44–56 (in Chinese with English abstract).

14. Dun, T. J. Thick oil and nature asphalt resources in Canada. Northwest Geology, 1995, 16(3), 37–41 (in Chinese).

15. Tilley, B. J, Longstaffe, F. J. Controls on hydrocarbon accumulation in glauconitic sandstone, Suffield heavy oil sands, southern Alberta. AAPG Bulletin, 1984, 68(8), 1004–1023.

16. Leblanc, G. E., Morris, W. A. Aeromagnetics of southern Alberta within areas of hydrocarbon accumulation. B. Can. Petrol. Geol., 1999, 47(4), 439–454.

17. Fowler, M. G., Stasiuk, L. D., Hearn, M., Obermajer, M. Devonian hydrocarbon source rocks and their derived oils in the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin. B. Can. Petrol. Geol., 2001, 49(1), 117–148.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2113/49.1.117

18. Zhou, S. Q., Huang, H. P., Liu, Y. M. Biodegradation and origin of oil sands in the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin. Pet. Sci., 2008, 5(2), 87–94.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12182-008-0015-3

19. Li, H. W., Wang, Y. J., Wang, B. A discussion on the application of field size sequence method. Journal of Oil and Gas Technology, 2009, 31(3), 210–216 (in Chinese with English abstract).

20. Jiang, F. J., Pang, X. Q., Jiang, Z. X., Wu, L., Tian, F. H. The principle and the application of predicting hydrocarbon resource by resource size sequence. Journal of Southwest Petroleum University (Science & Technology Edition), 2008, 30(1), 54–57 (in Chinese with English abstract).

21. Jiang, Z. X., Pang, X. Q., Zhou, X. H., Yao, L. L., Wu, L., Zhou, J. J. Multi­parameter constrained reservoir size sequential method for petroleum resource estimation and the application. Marine Origin Petroleum Geology, 2009, 14(3), 53–59 (in Chinese with English abstract).

22. Yang, X. N., Sheng, A. J., Chen, Z. L., Lu, J. M. Genetic types for petroliferous system of organic reefs in the Permian system of south China. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 2002, 23(3): 6–10 (in Chinese with English abstract).

23. Mann, P., Gahagan, L., Gordon, M. B. Tectonic setting of the world’s giant oil and gas fields. In: Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the Decade 1990–1999, AAPG Memoir 78, 2003, 15–105.

24. Klett, T. R., Schmoker, J. W. Changes in observed field size estimates of the world’s giant oil fields. In: AAPG Annual Convention, June 3–6, 2001, Denver, Colorado, 2001, Al06.

25. Wang, Y. J., Zhang, Y. H., Fan, W. M., Peng, T. P. Structural signatures and 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of the Indosinian Xuefengshan tectonic belt, South China Block. J. Struct. Geol., 2005, 27(6), 985–998.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsg.2005.04.004

26. Zhang, G. W., Guo, A. L., Dong, Y. P., Yao, A. P. Continental geology, tectonics and dynamics. Earth Science Frontiers, 2011, 18(3), 1–12 (in Chinese with English abstract).

27. He, D. F., Xie, X. A. Petroleum exploration in central paleo-uplifts of cratonic basins in China. Petroleum Explorationist, 1997, 2(2), 11–19 (in Chinese with English abstract).

28. Zhang, G. W., Guo, A. L., Dong, Y. P., Lai, S. C., Chen, S. Y., Yao, A. P. To promote solid earth sciences through development of plate tectonics and continental tectonics study. Journal of Northwest University (Natural Science Edition), 2009, 39(3), 345–349 (in Chinese with English abstract).

29. Tang, S. L., Yan, D. P., Wang, C. L., Zhang, W. C. Deformational process from thick-skinned to thin-skinned thrust in Xuefeng mountain, South China, evidence from Sangzhi-Anhua tectonic section. Geoscience, 2011, 25(1), 22–30 (in Chinese with English abstract).


Back to Issue