eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
SINCE 1984
Oil Shale cover
Oil Shale
ISSN 1736-7492 (Electronic)
ISSN 0208-189X (Print)
Impact Factor (2020): 0.934


Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/oil.2009.4.02



Basic geological exploration in Serbia detected 21 deposits of oil shale with resources of over 4.7 billion tonnes. Oil shale in these deposits is of various qualities and oil content. The biggest deposits of commercial potential are Aleksinac and Vina-Zubetin. Aleksinac deposit has been explored in more detail compared with other deposits, with reserves close to 2.0 billion tonnes with average content of organic matter of approximately 20% and with oil content of approximately 10%. Preliminary analyses and studies showed that oil shale can be mined both by surface and underground mining methods. Initial evaluation of Aleksinac oil shale indicates that basically it can be thermally processed using existing commercial oil shale processing technol­ogies used in Estonia. The company Viru Keemia Grupp AS (VKG) from Estonia established the potential of Aleksinac deposit and showed pre­liminary interest in mining and processing of oil shale. For this reason VKG established collaboration with Faculty of Mining and Geology of University of Belgrade. Some of the results of this collaboration are presented in this paper.


1. Review of the Existing Oil Shale Documents Related to Serbian Oil Shale Deposits and Quality, University of Belgrade – Faculty of Mining and Geology, Belgrade, 2008.

2. Evaluation Programme on Strategy for Energy Development of Republic of Serbia Until 2015, for Period 2007–2012, Underground Coal Mines, Pro­gramme Leader Professor Vojin Čokorilo, University of Belgrade – Faculty of Mining and Geology, Belgrade, 2008.

3. Study of the Geological Reserves of Oil Shale in Aleksinac Deposit, Ugaljprojekt Bureau, Belgrade, 1986.

4. Jovanović, J. et al. Characterization of the Aleksinac shale oil // Journal of Serbian Chemical Society. 1989. Vol. 54, No. 3, P. 131–140.

5. Jovanović, J. et al. Characterization of the Hydrocarbon Fraction of the Aleksinac Shale Oil // Journal of Serbian Chemical Society. 1989. Vol. 54, No. 4, P. 131–140.

6. Ercegovac, M. Oil Shale Geology, Belgrade, Gradjevinska knjiga, 1990. P. 180 [in Serbian].

7. Matić, D., Lazarević, J., Mijatović. I. Testing of Aleksinac oil shale in semi-industrial facility in Pančevo town // Chemical Industry. 1959. Vol. 13, No. 10. P. 1617–1625 [in Serbian].

8. Ercegovac, M., Grgurović, D., Bajc, S., Vitorović, D. Oil Shale in Serbia: Geological and Chemical-technological Investigations, Actual Problems of Exploration and Feasibility Studies, Mineral Material Complex of Serbia and Montenegro, University of Belgrade – Faculty of Mining and Geology, Belgrade, 2003. P. 368–378.

9. Luiga, P. O., Paalme, G. P. Environmental Protection from Mining and Utilization of Estonian Oil Shale // Oil Shale. 1985. Vol 2, No. 2, P. 206–213 [in Russian].

Back to Issue