ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
SINCE 1965
 
Linguistica Uralica cover
Linguistica Uralica
ISSN 1736-7506 (Electronic)
ISSN 0868-4731 (Print)

Perifrastic Future Devices in Salaca Livonian; pp. 27-40

Full article in PDF format | doi:10.3176/lu.2012.1.03

Author
Miina Norvik

Abstract

In Finnic languages, the future is often expressed by means of the present tense. In addition to the present tense, there are also periphrastic devices that convey the future. Such devices involve verbs that have developed or are developing into future markers. This article concentrates on one of the varieties of Livonian — Salaca Livonian. It analyses the development of the verbs tulla ’come’, ürg ’begin’, sād ’become’ and līd ’will’ (copula) that on the basis of broader typological background can be regarded as possible future markers in Salaca Livonian. The aim is to show to what extent these verbs have grammaticalized. The article reveals that līd is the most grammaticalized verb, as it also expresses the future in its temporal sense.


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