Cold metal transfer (CMT) welding of thin sheet metal products; pp. 243–250Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/eng.2012.3.09
For welding of conventional structural steels semiautomatic technologies (MIG, MAG) are widely used, whereas for welding of Al-alloys and stainless steels the TIG welding method is the most common. The current study concentrates on welding of thin sheet metal products from stainless steel and aluminium by using a novel cold metal transfer (CMT) process. The CMT technology is an alternative to TIG, providing advantages, such as reduction of distortions and increased productivity. This is mainly due to low heat input, achieved by controlled movement of the electrode. In order to realize these advantages, optimization of the CMT welding process is essential. The aim of this study was the optimization of the process using the existing welding equipment (robot, manipulator, etc) and validation of the CMT process. The limiting factors for the increase of the productivity are the reduction of quality (increase of porosity, distortions and inacceptable shape of the welding bed). As a result, practical recommendations are given for the implementation of the CMT technology for robotic welding.
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