ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
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Estonian Journal of Engineering

A study of third body behaviour under dry sliding conditions. Comparison of nanoscale modelling with experiment; pp. 270–278

Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/eng.2012.3.12

Authors
Andrey I. Dmitriev, Werner Österle, Heinz Kloß, Guillermo Orts-Gil

Abstract

Automotive brake pads consist of many components but it is still not entirely clear which role each of the elements of this complex composition plays to provide the specified regimes of sliding. This is due to the mutual interaction of multiscale mechanisms, realized during the friction. In this work we have attempted to partly answer this question using computer simulations. Since the simulation allows us to consider various combinations of the structure of the system being simulated ceteris paribus, it becomes possible to understand the role of each constituent sequentially. The main attention is paid to the structure and composition of the thin film that forms on the surface of both bodies as a result of compaction of the wear product, its chemical com­position and oxidation. This layer, also named a third body or friction film, differs in composition and microstructure from the two first bodies. We considered a single contact for the steady state sliding when the structure and composition of friction films already are formed. As a modelling tool we used the method of movable cellular automata, which has well proven itself in solv­ing of such tasks. We investigated the influence of modification of the structure and com­position of the third body on the features of system behaviour at friction. To assess the adequacy of the numerical model, experimental studies with an artificial third body were also carried out. The simulation results are in good agreement with experimental data.


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