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Estonian Journal of Ecology
Oligochaetes (Annelida, Clitellata) in the Anzali International Wetland, north-western Iran; pp. 130–144
PDF | doi: 10.3176/eco.2014.3.02

Fatemeh Nazarhaghighi, Tarmo Timm, Rezvan Mousavi Nadoushan, Nader Shabanipour, Mohammad Reza Fatemi, Ali Mashinchian Moradi

In order to determine the Oligochaeta fauna of the Anzali International Wetland (north-western Iran), samples of bottom sediment and aquatic vegetation were collected from 13 stations eight times from August 2012 to June 2013. As a result of the study, 11 species and one genus were identified: Tubifex tubifex, Limnodrilus claparedeianus, L. hoffmeisteri, Potamothrix hammoniensis, P. bedoti, Branchiura sowerbyi, Nais pardalis, Ophidonais serpentina, Dero digitata, Stylaria lacustris, Slavina appendiculata, and Mesenchytraeus sp. Some physico-chemical parameters of the water (depth, temperature, dissolved oxygen, and pH) were measured at the sampling site. The average density of the total oligochaete community in the benthos of the wetland was 6077 ind. m–2. The Shannon–Wiener diversity index was on average 0.92, with a maximum of 1.57 and a minimum of 0.44 at different stations. Results indicated that the maximum and the minimum density were observed in June (21 837 ind. m–2) and in December (1041.9 ind. m–2), respectively. Most frequent and abundant species were the tubificids L. hoffmeisteri, L. claparedeianus, and P. hammoniensis. All determined oligochaete taxa except T. tubifex were new to the Anzali Wetland, including seven new to the fauna of Iran. The structure of the Oligochaeta community correlated with the progression of the trophic state of the aquatic ecosystem.


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