Oribatid mite communities (Acari: Oribatida) in different habitats of the Polistovsky Nature Reserve (Pskov Region, Russia); pp. 276–286Full article in PDF format
| doi: 10.3176/eco.2013.4.04
The fauna and community structure of oribatid mites (Acari: Oribatida) in the Pskov Region of Russia is not yet comprehensively studied. Until now not much attention has been paid to soil communities of bogs and open landscapes of this area. The aim of this study was to compare the community composition of oribatid mites in different habitats in the environs of the Polistovsky National Nature Reserve (Pskov Region, Russia). We found 56 oribatid species in this area during our sampling campaign in 2010. Of these 16 have not been recorded in the Pskov Region before. Forest habitats were the richest in species within the examined territory. The highest faunistic similarity of oribatid communities was found between raised bogs and transition bogs. The mite faunistic composition in these two types of habitats was in turn quite similar to that in spruce forests. At the same time secondary habitats such as meadows hosted fewer oribatid species and were faunsitically distinct from the other habitats. Analysis of the rank abundance distribution of oribatid species indicated a disturbed state of oribatid communities in meadows even after their abandonment 20–25 years ago. The abundance of all oribatid ecomorphs besides surface-dwelling mites was similar and not significantly different across habitats. We assume that the relatively high number of previously unrecorded oribatid species for the Pskov Region in the research area is related to the considerable age of landscapes in the Polistovsko–Lovatskaya peat bog system and immigration of oribatid mites with transiting birds. More detailed comparative study of the oribatid fauna and community structure in the Polistovsky Reserve is needed to discover driving forces of the revealed community structure and diversity.
Chachaj, B. & Seniczak, S. 2005. The influence of sheep, cattle and horse grazing on soil mites (Acari) of lowland meadows. Folia Biologica-Krakow, 53, 127–132.
Druk, A. Ya. 1982. Oribatid mites of some bog types in Moscow region. In Soil Invertebrates of Moscow Region (Ghilarov, M. S., ed.), pp. 72–77. Nauka Publishers, Мoscow (in Russian).
Eitminavichute, I. S. 1972. Pedobiological Characteristics of Typical Bogs in the Lithuanian SSR. Mintis Publishers, Vilnius (in Russian).
Ghilarov, M. S. 1975. Methods of Soil-Zoological Research. Nauka Publishers, Мoscow (in Russian).
Karppinen, E. & Krivolutsky, D. A. 1982. List of oribatid mites (Acarina, Oribatei) of northern palaearctic region. I. Europe. Acta Entomologica Fennica, 41, 1–32.
Krantz, G. W. & Walter, D. E. 2009. A Manual on Acarology. Texas Technical University Press, Lubbock.
Krivolutsky, D. A. (ed.) 1995. Oribatid Mites. Nauka Publishers, Мoscow (in Russian).
Krivolutsky, D. A. & Lebedeva, N. V. 2004. Oribatid mites (Oribatei, Acariformes) in bird feathers: non-Passerines. Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 14, 26–47.
Laskova, L. M. 1983. Oribatid mites (Oribatei) in bog soils of Karelia. In Abstracts of All-Union Colloquium on Soil Zoology (Ghilarov, M. S., ed.), p. 206. Vilnius (in Russian).
Lebedeva, N. V. 2012. Oribatid mites transported by birds to polar islands. A review. Berichte zur Polar- und Meerforschung, 640, 152–161.
Lindo, Z., Whiteley, J., & Gonzalez, A. 2012. Traits explain community disassembly and trophic contraction following experimental environmental change. Global Change Biology, 18, 2448–2457.
Magurran, A. E. 2004. Measuring Biological Diversity. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
Manakov, G. G., Evdokimov, S. I., & Grigor¢eva, N. V. 2010. Western Border Area of Russia: Geographic Aspects of Formation and Development of Pskov Region. ANO Logos Publishers, Pskov (in Russian).
McAleece, N., Gage, J. D. G., Lambshead, P. J. D., & Paterson, G. L. J. 1997. BioDiversity Professional statistics analysis software. http://www.sams.ac.uk/peter-lamont/biodiversity-pro (accessed 10.10.2013).
Olson, D. M., Dinerstein, E., Wikramanayake, E. D., Burgess, N. D., Powell, G. V. N., Underwood, E. C., et al. 2001. Terrestrial ecoregions of the world: a new map of life on Earth. Bioscience, 51, 933–938.
Schon, N. L., Mackay, A. D., & Minor, M. A. 2012. Vulnerability of soil invertebrate communities to the influences of livestock in three grasslands. Applied Soil Ecology, 53, 98–107.
Sidorchuk, E. A. 2008. Oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatei) of three fens in the northern part of European Russia. Zoologichesky Zhurnal, 87, 626–631 (in Russian).
StatSoft, Inc. 2007. STATISTICA (data analysis software system), version 7. Tulsa, USA. www.statsoft.com (accessed 10.10.2013).
Svendsen, J. I., Alexanderson, H., Astakhov, V. I., Demidov, I., Dowdeswell, J. A., Funder, S., et al. 2004. Late Quaternary ice sheet history of northern Eurasia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 23, 1229–1271.
Weigmann, G. 2006. Hornmilben (Oribatida). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands. Vol. 76. Goecke & Evers, Keltern.
Zaitsev, A. S. 2001. Geography of oribatid mite distribution in Russia. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, serija 5, geographicheskaya, 6, 34–37 (in Russian).
Zaitsev, A. S., Wolters, V., Waldhardt, R., & Dauber, J. 2006. Long-term succession of oribatid mites after conversion of croplands to grasslands. Applied Soil Ecology, 33, 230–239.
Zaitsev, A. S., van Straalen, N. M., & Berg, M. P. 2013. Landscape geological age explains large scale spatial trends in oribatid mite diversity. Landscape Ecology
, 285–296. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10980-012-9834-0Back to Issue