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Estonian Journal of Ecology
Adaptation of a method for involving environmental aspects in spatial planning of river basin management – a case study of the Narva River basin; pp. 302–320
PDF | doi: 10.3176/eco.2010.4.05

Kristjan Piirimäe, Karin Pachel, Alvina Reihan
A method for environmental planning (MEP) was adapted for use in water management in large drainage basins. Using a semi-dynamic method, Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping, an expert system divided the studied Narva River basin into three distinct environmental zones. Consequences were calculated based on environmental effects on and significances of waterbodies. In the DPSIR (referring to driving forces, pressures, state, impacts, and responses) framework, the expert system quantified the effects of large-scale spatial plans into impacts and consequences. Also, several existing concepts were integrated to define environmental sensitivity, which comprises two components: (1) strength of links between components in the DPSIR framework and (2) significance of the feature of interest. The results revealed environmentally cost-effective principles for localizing various driving forces such as wastewater treatment, oil shale mining, and agricultural activities.

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