eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
Estonian Journal of Ecology

Biomass, growth, and diet of fish in forest lakes affected by alkaline mining water in NW Russia; pp. 256–268

Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/eco.2008.4.03

Ismo J. Holopainen, Jukka Aroviita, Ari Voutilainen, Markku Viljanen

Waste water from the mining industry has altered the water chemistry of naturally oligotrophic lakes in the Kostomuksha area of NW Russia, resulting in high alkalinity and high concentrations of certain anions. Two such lakes, Poppalijärvi and Kento, and one reference lake, Upper Kuito, were sampled for fish using multimesh gillnets in three successive years, 2000–2002. The total CPUE (g gillnet–1 night–1) was 2.5 times higher in the affected lakes than in the reference lake. Perch and roach, the predominant species, grew well in all the lakes presumably due to an abundant supply of high quality macroinvertebrate food in their benthic habitats. The proportion of large piscivorous perch was notably high, especially in Lake Kento, probably as a result of low fishing pressure and the abundance of fish prey. Although detailed studies have revealed differences in the structure and function of fish gills and liver between the affected lakes and the reference lake, the environment in Lake Poppalijärvi and Lake Kento enables fast growth of the fish and promotes the existence of a high fish biomass.

Aroviita, J., Hämäläinen, H. & Holopainen, I. J. 2006. Benthic macroinvertebrates in lakes affected by iron mining waste waters in the Kostomuksha area, northwest Russia. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol., 29, 2039–2044.

Auvinen, H. 1987. Growth, mortality and management of whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus L. s.l.), vendace (Coregonus albula L.), roach (Rutilus rutilus L.) and perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) in Lake Pyhäjärvi (Karelia). Finn. Fish. Res., 8, 38–47.

Bolger, T. & Connolly, P. L. 1989. The selection of suitable indices for the measurement and analysis of fish condition. J. Fish Biol., 34, 171–182.

Helminen, H., Karjalainen, J., Kurkilahti, M., Rask, M. & Sarvala, J. 2000. Eutrophication and fish biodiversity in Finnish lakes. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol., 27, 194–199.

Hjelm, J., Persson, L. & Christensen, B. 2000. Growth, morphological variation and ontogenetic niche shifts in perch (Perca fluviatilis) in relation to resource availability. Oecologia, 122, 190–199.

Holmgren, K. 1999. Between-year variation in community structure and biomass–size distributions of benthic lake fish communities. J. Fish Biol., 55, 535–552.

Holmgren, K. & Appelberg, M. 2000. Size structure of benthic freshwater fish communities in relation to environmental gradients. J. Fish Biol., 57, 1312–1330.

Holopainen, I. J., Holopainen, A.-L., Hämäläinen, H., Rahkola-Sorsa, M., Tkatcheva, V. & Viljanen, M. 2003. Effects of mining industry waste waters on a shallow lake ecosystem in Karelia, north-west Russia. Hydrobiologia, 506–509, 111–119.

Holopainen, I. J., Holopainen, A.-L., Huitu, E., Rahkola-Sorsa, M. & Zingel, P. 2008. The pelagic food web in forest lakes affected by alkaline mining waste in NW Russia. Estonian J. Ecol., 57, 214–228.

Horppila, J. 1994. The diet and growth of roach (Rutilus rutilus (L.)) in Lake Vesijärvi and possible changes in the course of biomanipulation. Hydrobiologia, 294, 35–41.

Horppila, J., Ruuhijärvi, J., Rask, M., Karppinen, C., Nyberg, K. & Olin, M. 2000. Seasonal changes in the diets and relative abundances of perch and roach in the littoral and pelagic zones of a large lake. J. Fish Biol., 56, 51–72.

Hynes, H. B. N. 1950. The food of freshwater sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus and Pygosteus pungitus) with a review of methods used in studies of the food of fishes. J. Anim. Ecol., 19, 36–58.

Jacobs, J. 1974. Quantitative measurement of food selection. A modification of the forage ratio and Ivlev’s electivity index. Oecologia, 14, 413–417.

Kalinkina, N. M., Kulikova, T. P., Morozov, A. K. & Vlasova, L. I. 2003. Causes of technogenic changes in a freshwater zooplanktonic community. Biol. Bull., 30, 627–632.

Kukharev, V. I., Palshin, N. I. & Salo, J. A. 1995. General characteristic of Kenti–Kento lake–river system. In The Effect of Man-caused Effluents from Kostamus Mining Plant on Kenti-River System (Kukharev, V. I., ed.), pp. 4–8. Petrozavodsk (in Russian).

Kurkilahti, M. & Rask, M. 1996. A comparative study of the usefulness and catchability of multimesh gillnets and gillnet series in sampling of perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) and roach (Rutilus rutilus L.). Fish. Res., 27, 243–260.

Lozovik, P. A, Markkanen, S.-L. & Regerand, T. 2001. Kalevalan piirin ja Kostamuksen alueen pintavedet ja kuormituksen vaikutus niihin. Petrozavodsk (in Finnish and in Russian).

Olin, M., Rask, M., Ruuhijärvi, J., Kurkilahti, M., Ala-Opas, P. & Ylönen, O. 2002. Fish community structure in mesotrophic and eutrophic lakes of southern Finland: the relative abundances of percids and cyprinids along a trophic gradient. J. Fish Biol., 60, 593–612.

Persson, L. 1986. Effects of reduced interspecific competition on resource utilization in perch (Perca fluviatilis). Ecology, 67, 355–364.

Persson, L. 1987. Effects of habitat and season on competitive interactions between roach (Rutilus rutilus) and perch (Perca fluviatilis). Oecologia, 73, 170–177.

Persson, L. & Greenberg, L. A. 1990. Optimal foraging and habitat shift in perch (Perca fluviatilis) in a resource gradient. Ecology, 71, 1699–1713.

Persson, L., Diehl, S., Johansson, L., Andersson, G. & Hamrin, S. F. 1991. Shifts in fish communities along the productivity gradient of temperate lakes – patterns and the importance of size-structured interactions. J. Fish Biol., 38, 281–293.

Rask, M. 1986. The diet and diel feeding activity of perch, Perca fluviatilis L., in a small lake in southern Finland. Ann. Zool. Fenn., 23, 4956.

Rask, M. & Tuunainen, P. 1990. Acid-induced changes in fish populations of small Finnish lakes. In Acidification in Finland (Kauppi, P., Anttila, P. & Kenttämies, K., eds), pp. 911–961. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Rask, M., Mannio, J., Forsius, M., Posch, M. & Vuorinen, P. J. 1995. How many fish populations in Finland are affected by acid precipitation? Environ. Biol. Fish., 42, 5163.

Rask, M., Holopainen, A.-L., Karusalmi, A., Niinioja, R., Tammi, J., Arvola, L., Keskitalo, J., Blomquist, I., Heinimaa, S., Karppinen, C., Salonen, K. & Sarvala, J. 1998. An introduction to the limnology of the Finnish Integrated Monitoring lakes. Boreal Env. Res., 3, 263–274.

Rask, M., Viljanen, M. & Sarvala, J. 1999. Humic lakes as fish habitats. In Limnology of Humic Waters (Keskitalo, J. & Eloranta, P., eds), pp. 209–224. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

Rask, M., Olin, M., Horppila, J., Lehtovaara, A., Väisänen, A., Ruuhijärvi, J. & Sammalkorpi, I. 2002. Zooplankton and fish communities in Finnish lakes of different trophic status: responses to eutrophication. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol., 28, 396–401.

SFS-EN. 2005. Water Quality. Sampling of Fish with Multi-mesh Gillnets. The European Standard 14757, Brussels.

Tkatcheva, V., Holopainen, I. J. & Hyvärinen, H. 2000. Heavy metals in perch (Perca fluviatilis) from the Kostomuksha region (northwest Karelia, Russia). Boreal Env. Res., 5, 209–220.

Tkatcheva, V., Holopainen, I. J. & Hyvärinen, H. 2002. Effects of mining waste waters on fish in lakes of NW Russia. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol., 28, 484–487.

Tkatcheva, V., Hyvärinen, H., Kukkonen, J., Ryzhkov, L. P. & Holopainen, I. J. 2004. Toxic effects of mining effluents on fish gills in a subarctic lake system in NW Russia. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 57, 278–289.

Tkatcheva, V., Holopainen, I. J., Hyvärinen, H. & Kukkonen, J. V. K. 2007a. The responses of rainbow trout gills to high lithium and potassium concentrations in water. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 68, 419–425.

Tkatcheva, V., Franklin, N. M., McClelland, G. B., Smith, R. W., Holopainen, I. J. & Wood, C. M. 2007b. Physiological and biochemical effects of lithium in rainbow trout. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 53, 632–638.

Viljanen, M. & Holopainen, I. J. 1982. Population density of perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) at egg, larval and adult stages in the dys-oligotrophic Lake Suomunjärvi, Finland. Ann. Zool. Fenn., 19, 39–46.

Vinni, M., Horppila, J., Olin, M., Ruuhijärvi, J. & Nyberg, K. 2000. The food, growth and abundance of five co-existing cyprinids in lake basins of different morphometry and water quality. Aquat. Ecol., 34, 421431.

Virtanen, K. & Markkanen, S.-L. 2000. Monitoring the Kostomuksha mining combine waste waters and water quality in the receiving water system 1990–1998. Mimeographed series of Kainuu Regional Environment Centre, 6, 3–28 (in Finnish, abstract in English).

Voutilainen, A. & Huuskonen, H. 2006. Comparison of two multimesh gillnet types. University of Joensuu, Publications of Karelian Institute, 145, 127–133 (in Finnish, abstract in English).

Back to Issue