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Estonian Journal of Ecology
Heavy metal concentrations in four-horn sculpin Triglopsis quadricornis (L.) (Pisces), its main food organism Saduria entomon L. (Crustacea), and in bottom sediments in the Archipelago Sea and the Gulf of Finland (Baltic Sea); 224–238
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Author
Heinz-Rudolf Voigt
Abstract

Adult four-horn sculpin (Triglopsis quadricornis), its main food item, the isopod Saduria entomon, and surface sediments from three selected areas on the Finnish (Archipelago Sea, Western Gulf of Finland) and Estonian (Central Gulf of Finland) coasts were investigated for heavy metal (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Cd, Pb, Ni, Hg) concentrations in order to find out eventual relationships between the contamination of the two species and their environment. The concentrations of metals in
the liver of four-horn sculpin correlate with the concentrations of metals in the whole animal of S. entomon.
Cadmium concentrations may have a significant negative effect upon the condition of the sculpins, amplified by iron and zinc. The broad variations of the metal concentrations analysed from the isopod S. entomon indicate a great tolerance towards harmful substances of the species even in continuously loaded areas. Additionally a “tolerance factor” (TF) is introduced.

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