ESTONIAN ACADEMY
PUBLISHERS
eesti teaduste
akadeemia kirjastus
PUBLISHED
SINCE 1997
 
Archaeology cover
Estonian Journal of Archaeology
ISSN 1736-7484 (Electronic)
ISSN 1406-2933 (Print)

REDWARES FROM GUBBACKA’S MEDIEVAL VILLAGE: REGIONAL AND INTER-REGIONAL VIEWS ON CERAMIC NETWORKS AND TECHNOLOGY (SEM-EDS); pp. 86–101

Full article in PDF format | doi: 10.3176/arch.2014.2.02

Authors
Andreas Koivisto, Riikka Väisänen, Elisabeth Holmqvist

Abstract

The medieval village site of Gubbacka is situated in the today’s Vantaa, Finland. Archaeological investigations were conducted at the site in 2002–2003 and 2008–2010. The aim of this paper is to explore the social and trade contacts and networks the rural inhabitants of Gubbacka had within the Baltic Sea region. In order to examine how these relationships are reflected in the ceramic materials from the site, redware sherds were sampled for micro-structural and compositional characterization by a scanning electron microscope with an energy dispersive spectrometer (SEM-EDS) to study their provenance and technological properties. In addition, redwares from a nearby site Mankby and Tallinn were included in this study as regional and inter-regional parallels to examine possible shared origins of the pots and technological applications in redware manufacture. Redware is a very common archaeological find material in late medieval contexts, but rather difficult to investigate: the products of the different north European manufacturing centres are practically impossible to distinguish with the naked eye, and even the dating of redware finds is problematic. Hence, this study aims to offer new perspectives for the study of redwares, their technologies and distribution networks in northern Europe.


References

Baxter, M. J. 1994. Exploratory Multivariate Analysis in Archaeology. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

Baxter, M. J. 2001. Statistical modelling of artefact compositional data. – Archaeometry, 43, 131–147.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1475-4754.00008

Bergold, H., Bäck, M., Johansson, M., Menander, H., Niukkanen, M., Tulkki, C. & Wallebom, U. 2004. Handled with care: on the typology and symbolism of redware pottery. – Muinaistutkija, 2, 2–25.

Buxeda i Garrigós, J., Cau Ontiveros, M. A. & Kilikoglou, V. 2003. Chemical variability in clays and pottery from a traditional cooking pot production village: testing assumptions in Pereuela. – Archaeometry, 45, 1–17.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1475-4754.00093

Cantisani, E., Cavalieri, M., Lofrumento, C., Pecchioni, E. & Ricci, C. 2012. Ceramic findings from the archaeological site at Aiano-Torraccia di Chiusi (Siena, Italy): a multi-analytical approach. – Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 4, 29–46.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12520-011-0080-1

Christensen, T., Larsen, A.-C., Larsson, S. & Vince, A. 1994. Early glazed ware from medieval Denmark. – Medieval Ceramics, 18. Medieval Pottery Research Group, 67–76.

Cruz Zuluaga, M., Alonso-Olazabal, A., Murelaga, X. & Ortega, L. A. 2011. A comparison of scanning electron microscopy energy dispersive X-ray (SEM/EDX) and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) for provenance inferences of grog tempered Bronze Age pottery. – Microchemical Journal, 99, 443–448.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2011.06.021

Davey, P. & Hodges, R. (eds). 1983. Ceramics and Trade. The Production and Distribution of Later Medieval Pottery in North-West Europe. Papers Derived from the Proceedings of the Medieval Pottery Research Group’s Annual Conference at Hull, 1980. University of Sheffield, Sheffield.

Elfwendahl, M. 1999. Från skärva till kärl. Ett bidrag till vardagslivets historia i Uppsala. (Lund Studies in Medieval Archaeology, 22.) Almqvist & Wiksell International, Stockholm.

Freestone, I. C. & Middleton, A. P. 1987. Mineral applications of the analytical SEM in archaeology. – Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 21–31.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1180/minmag.1987.051.359.03

Gaimster, D. 1999. The Baltic ceramic market c. 1200–1600: an archaeology of the Hanse. – Fennoscandia Archaeologica, XVI, 59–69.

Gaimster, D. 2007. Punasaviastiat ja kaakeliuunit Hansakulttuurin tunnusmerkkeinä Itämeren alueella. – Ruukkuja ja ruhtinaita. Saviastioita ja uunikaakeleita ajalta 1400–1700. Ed. K. Majantie. (Archaeologia Medii Aevii Finlandiae, XII.) Aboa Vetus & Ars Nova, Suomen Keskiajan Arkeologinen Seura, Turku, Saarijärvi, 18–25.

Grave, P., Lisle, L. & Maccheroni, M. 2005. Multivariate comparison of ICP-OES and PIXE/PIGE analysis of East Asian storage jars. – Journal of Archaeological Science, 32, 885–896.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2005.01.011

Holmqvist, E. 2010. Ceramics in Transition. A Comparative Analytical Study of Late Byzantine – Early Islamic Pottery in Southern Transjordan and the Negev. PhD thesis, Institute of Archaeology, University College London.

Holmqvist-Saukkonen, E. 2012. Keramiikan koostumus, valmistustekniikat ja verkostot: materiaali­analyysit arkeologisessa tutkimuksessa. – Muinaistutkija, 1, 32–45.

Holmqvist, V. E. & Martinón-Torres, M. 2011. Many potters – one style. Pottery production and distribution in transitional Late Byzantine – Early Islamic Palaestina Tertia. – Proceedings of the 37th International Symposium on Archaeology, 13th–16th May 2008, Siena, Italy. Ed. I. Turbanti-Memmi. Springer, Berlin, 71–76.

Holmqvist-Saukkonen, E., Koivisto, A. & Väisänen, R. 2013. Redwares from Gubbacka’s Medieval Village. – SKAS, 1–2, 3–15.

Johansson, M. 2007. Tukholman punasavikeramiikka. – Ruukkuja ja ruhtinaita. Saviastioita ja uunikaakeleita ajalta 1400–1700. Ed. K. Majantie. (Archaeologia Medii Aevii Finlandiae, XII.) Aboa Vetus & Ars Nova, Suomen Keskiajan Arkeologinen Seura, Turku, Saarijärvi, 48–58.

Kadakas, Ulla 2012: e-mail to Riikka Väisänen on 12.4.2012.

Koivisto, A., Koivisto, R. & Hako, J. (eds). 2010. Gubbacka. Keskiajan arkea Vantaalla. (Museo­viraston rakennushistorian osaston julkaisuja, 34.) Porvoo.

Leon, Y., Sciau, P., Bouquillon, A., Pichon, L. & de Parseval, P. 2012. PIXE (particle induced X-ray emission): a non-destructive analysis method adapted to the thin decorative coating of antique ceramics. – Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, B 291, 45–52.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2012.09.010

Maniatis, Y. & Tite, M. S. 1981. Technological examination of Neolithic–Bronze Age pottery from central and southeast Europe and from the Near East. – Journal of Archaeological Science, 8, 59–76.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0305-4403(81)90012-1

Martinón-Torres, M. & Rehren, T. 2009. Post-medieval crucible production and distribution: a study of materials and materialities. – Archaeometry, 51, 49–74.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2007.00380.x

Montana, G., Tsantini, E., Randazzo, L. & Burgio, A. 2012. SEM-EDS analysis as a rapid tool for distinguishing Campanian A ware and Sicilian imitations. – Archaeometry, 55, 591–608.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2012.00723.x

Niukkanen, M. 2000. Jacoba-kannusta ja jyllantilaispadasta seltteripulloon. – Vesilahden Laukko: linna, kartano, koti. Ed. K. Uotila. (Archaeologia Medii Aevi Finlandiae, IV.) Aboa Vetus & Ars Nova, Suomen Keskiajan Arkeologinen Seura, Turku, 73–84.

Niukkanen, M. 2007. Punasaviastioiden muoto ja koristelu – käytännöllisyyttä ja kätkettyjä symbolimerkityksiä. – Ruukkuja ja ruhtinaita. Saviastioita ja uunikaakeleita ajalta 1400–1700.
Ed. K. Majantie. (Archaeologia Medii Aevii Finlandiae, XII.) Aboa Vetus & Ars Nova, Suomen Keskiajan Arkeologinen Seura, Turku, Saarijärvi, 26–35.

Pihlman, A. 1989. Saviastiat. – Turun Mätäjärvi – Mätäjärvi i Åbo. Eds J. Kostet & A. Pihlman. (Turun maakuntamuseo – Åbo landskapsmuseum. Raportteja – rapport, 10.) Turku, 83–104.

Polvorinos del Rio, A. & Castaing, J. 2010. Lustre-decorated ceramics from a 15th to 16th century production in Seville. – Archaeometry, 52, 83–98.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2009.00467.x

Polvorinos, A., Aucouturier, M., Bouquillon, A., Castaing, J. & Camps, J. 2011. The evolution of lustre ceramics from Manises (Valencia, Spain) between the 14th and 18th centuries. – Archaeometry, 53, 490–509.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2010.00552.x

Rönkkö, T. 2012. PIXE-analyysin käyttö arkeologisen keramiikka-aineiston tutkimisessa. Tapaus­tutkimuksena Herttoniemen keramiikkatehdas (1762–1845). MA thesis, Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies/Archaeology, University of Helsinki.

Russow, E. 2007. Joitakin huomioita punasavikeramiikasta keskiajan ja uuden ajan Tallinnassa. – Ruukkuja ja ruhtinaita. Saviastioita ja uunikaakeleita ajalta 1400–1700. Ed. K. Majantie. (Archaeologia Medii Aevii Finlandiae, XII.) Aboa Vetus & Ars Nova, Suomen Keskiajan Arkeologinen Seura, Turku, Saarijärvi, 69–80.

Russow, Erki 2011: personal communication to Andreas Koivisto on 16.3.2011.

Rye, O. S. & Duerden, P. 1982. Papuan pottery sourcing by PIXE: preliminary studies. – Archaeo­metry, 24, 59–64.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.1982.tb00648.x

Salminen, T. 2012. Uusmaalaisten Tallinnanperinnöt 1350–1560. – Keskiajan silta Padisen ja Vantaan välillä. Ed. E. Russow. Padise, 183–258.

Schwedt, A., Mommsen, H. & Zacharias, N. 2004. Post-depositional elemental alterations in pottery: neutron activation analyses of surface and core samples. – Archaeometry, 46, 85–101.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2004.00145.x

Sillar, B. & Tite, M. S. 2000. The challenge of ‘technological choices’ for materials science approaches in archaeology. – Archaeometry, 42, 2–20.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2000.tb00863.x

Tite, M. S. 2008. Ceramic production, provenance and use – a review. – Archaeometry, 50, 216–231.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2008.00391.x

Tite, M. S. 2011. The technology of glazed Islamic ceramics using data collected by the late Alexander Kaczmarczyk. – Archaeometry, 53, 329–339.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2010.00546.x

Tulkki, C. 2003. Oliko keramiikka-astioiden valmistus mahdollista uuden ajan alun Turussa? – Kaupunkia pintaa syvemmältä: arkeologisia näkökulmia Turun historiaan. Ed. L. Seppänen. (Archaeologia Medii Aevi Finlandiae, IX.) Turku, 207–222.

Wahlberg, J. 2000. Keraamisen aineiston PIXE-analyysi. Laukon kartanon, Kuusiston linnan ja Aboa Vetus-museon näytteet. – Vesilahden Laukko: linna, kartano, koti. Ed. K. Uotila. (Archaeologia Medii Aevi Finlandiae, IV.) Aboa Vetus & Ars Nova, Suomen Keskiajan Arkeologinen Seura, Turku, 123–129.


Back to Issue