Marianna Rifovna Nasibullina
In this article the Udmurt dialect names for coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara L.) are discussed, their word-formation structure is analyzed, the etymology of their components is given and the basic naming principles are defined. The genuine Udmurt names of coltsfoot have a two-component composition. Only two concepts lie at the heart of the morphology of these words, notably, leaf кўар (вукўар, йаркўар, бакакўар, эбэккўар, тэтчас'кўар, пӧс'кыкўар, чун'ыкўар) and flower с'ас'ка (вудурс'ас'ка, эбэкс''ас''ка, тэтчас'с'ас'ка). This is due to the fact that this plant has a rare feature: First the flowers appear, and only when the flowers have disappeared the leaves appear. The first names date from the times of Bulgar influence on the structure of the lexicon of the Udmurt language (вукўар). The terms of the widest area of distribution are мат'-и-мачэха, вукўар and бакакўар.
KeywordsUdmurt language; coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara L.); naming principle; etymology; loanwords.