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  Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences

ISSN 1736-7557 (electronic)  ISSN 1736-4728 (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology
Published since 1952

Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences

ISSN 1736-7557 (electronic)  ISSN 1736-4728 (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology
Published since 1952

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Shell microstructure and its inheritance in the calcitic helcionellid Mackinnonia; pp. 99–104

(Full article in PDF format) doi: 10.3176/earth.2015.18


Authors

Michael J. Vendrasco, Antonio G. Checa

Abstract

Mackinnonia davidi from the Cambrian (Series 2) of Australia has a prismatic outer shell layer and, as newly described here, a calcitic semi-nacre inner layer. The pattern is the same as in stenothecids such as Mellopegma, providing more evidence for a strong phylogenetic signal in the shell microstructure of Cambrian molluscs. In addition, calcite now appears to have been common in helcionellids and other molluscs during the early and middle Cambrian, with many species exhibiting foliated calcite. This is surprising given the dominance of aragonite in molluscs, both modern and from post-Cambrian fossil deposits with exceptional shell microstructure preservation, including localities from the Ordovician of the Cincinnati region, USA.

Keywords

Cambrian, helcionellid, Mollusca, Mackinnonia, Australia, shell microstructure, biomineralization.

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Current Issue: Vol. 68, Issue 3, 2019




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