headerpos: 9353
 
 
  Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences

ISSN 1736-7557 (electronic)  ISSN 1736-4728 (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology
Published since 1952

Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences

ISSN 1736-7557 (electronic)  ISSN 1736-4728 (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Geology
Published since 1952

Publisher
Journal Information
» Editorial Board
» Editorial Policy
» Article Publication Charges
» Archival Policy
» Copyright and Licensing Policy
Guidelines for Authors
» Instructions to Authors
Guidelines for Reviewers
» Review Form
Open Access
List of Issues
» 2019
» 2018
» 2017
» 2016
» 2015
» 2014
Vol. 63, Issue 4
Vol. 63, Issue 3
Vol. 63, Issue 2
Vol. 63, Issue 1
» 2013
» 2012
» 2011
» 2010
» 2009
» 2008
» 2007
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google Ecology
» Back issues in ETERA
Keemia. Geoloogia
» ETERA_scan
Subscription Information
Internet Links
Support & Contact
Publisher
» Other Journals
» Staff

Reconstruction of the mid-Hirnantian palaeotopography in the Upper Yangtze region, South China; pp. 329–334

(Full article in PDF format) doi: 10.3176/earth.2014.39


Authors

Linna Zhang, Junxuan Fan, Qing Chen, Shuang-Ye Wu

Abstract

Reconstruction of the Hirnantian (Late Ordovician) palaeotopography in South China is important for understanding the distribution pattern of the Hirnantian marine depositional environment. In this study, we reconstructed the Hirnantian palaeotopography in the Upper Yangtze region based on the rankings of the palaeo-water depths, which were inferred according to the lithofacies and biofacies characteristics of the sections. Data from 374 Hirnantian sections were collected and standardized through the online Geobiodiversity Database. The Ordinary Kriging interpolation method in the ArcGIS software was applied to create the continuous surface of the palaeo-water depths, i.e. the Hirnantian palaeotopography. Meanwhile, the line transect analysis was used to further observe the terrain changes along two given directions.
The reconstructed palaeotopographic map shows a relatively flat and shallow epicontinental sea with three local depressions and a submarine high on the Upper Yangtze region during the Hirnantian. The water depth is mostly less than 60 m and the Yangtze Sea gradually deepens towards the north.

Keywords

palaeotopography, palaeo-water depth, Hirnantian, Upper Yangtze region, South China, ArcGIS.

References

Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Hunan Province (ed.). 1988. Regional Geology of Hunan Province. Geological Publishing House , Beijing , 721 pp.

Chen , X. , Yang , W. R. , He , Z. Q. & Wang , S. H. 1981: . Ordovician graptolite bearing beds of Xing’an , Guangxi. Journal of Stratigraphy , 5 , 36–45 [in Chinese].

Chen , X. , Rong , J. Y. , Mitchell , C. E. , Harper , D. A. T. , Fan , J. X. , Zhan , R. B. , Zhang , Y. D. , Li , R. Y. & Wang , Y. 2000. Late Ordovician to earliest Silurian graptolite and brachiopod biozonation from the Yangtze region , South China , with a global correlation. Geological Magazine , 137 , 623–650.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0016756800004702

Chen , X. , Rong , J. Y. , Li , Y. & Boucot , A. J. 2004. Facies patterns and geography of the Yangtze region , South China , through the Ordovician and Silurian transition. Palaeogeography , Palaeoclimatology , Palaeoecology , 204 , 353–372.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-0182(03)00736-3

Chen , X. , Fan , J. X. , Melchin , M. J. & Mitchell , C. E. 2005a. Hirnantian (latest Ordovician) graptolites from the upper Yangtze region , China. Palaeontology , 48 , 235–280.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4983.2005.00453.x

Chen , X. , Melchin , M. J. , Sheets , H. D. , Mitchell , C. E. & Fan , J. X. 2005b. Patterns and processes of latest Ordovician graptolite extinction and recovery based on data from South China. Journal of Paleontology , 79 , 841–860.

Chen , X. , Rong , J. Y. , Fan , J. X. , Zhan , R. B. , Mitchell , C. E. , Harper , D. A. T. , Melchin , M. J. , Peng , P. A. , Finney , S. C. & Wang , X. F. 2006. The Global boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the base of the Hirnantian Stage (the uppermost of the Ordovician System). Episodes , 29 , 183–196.

Chen , X. , Fan , J. X. , Chen , Q. , Tang , L. & Hou , X. D. 2014. Toward a stepwise Kwangsian Orogeny. Science China Earth Science , 57 , 379387.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11430-013-4815-y

Cooper , R. A. & Sadler , P. M. 2012. The Ordovician period. In A Geologic Time Scale 2012 (Gradstein , F. M. , Ogg , J. G. , Smith , A. G. & Ogg , G. M. , eds) , pp. 489–523. Elsevier , Oxford.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-59425-9.00020-2

Fan , J. X. , Peng , P. A. & Melchin , M. J. 2009. Carbon isotopes and event stratigraphy near the Ordovician and Silurian boundary , Yichang , South China. Palaeo­geography , Palaeoclimatology , Palaeoecology , 276 , 160–169.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2009.03.007

Fan , J. X. , Melchin , M. J. , Chen , X. , Wang , Y. , Zhang , Y. D. , Chen , Q. , Chi , Z. L. & Chen , F. 2011. Biostratigraphy and geography of the Ordovician–Silurian Lungmachi black shales in South China. Science China Earth Science , 54 , 1854–1863.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11430-011-4301-3

Fan , J. X. , Chen , Q. , Hou , X. D. , Miller , A. I. , Melchin , M. J. , Shen , S. Z. , Wu , S. Y. , Goldman , D. , Mitchell , C. E. , Yang , Q. , Zhang , Y. D. , Zhan , R. B. , Wang , J. , Leng , Q. , Zhang , H. & Zhang , L. N. 2013. Geobiodiversity Database: a comprehensive section-based integration of stratigraphic and paleontological data. Newsletters on Stratigraphy , 46 , 111–136.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/0078-0421/2013/0033

Finnegan , S. , Bergmann , K. , Eiler , J. M. , Jones , D. S. , Fike , D. A. , Eisenman , I. , Hughes , N. C. , Tripati , A. K. & Fischer , W. W. 2011. The magnitude and duration of Late Ordovician–Early Silurian Glaciation. Science , 331 , 903–906.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1200803

Gorjan , P. , Kaiho , K. , Fike , D. A. & Chen , X. 2012. Carbon- and sulfur-isotope geochemistry of the Hirnantian (Late Ordovician) Wangjiawan (Riverside) section , South China: global correlation and environmental event interpretation. Palaeogeography , Palaeoclimatology , Palaeoecology , 337–338 , 14–22.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.03.021

Hu , Z. G. 1980. The ‘Dalmanitina bed’ in the region of the lower reaches of the Dadu River. Journal of Stratigraphy , 4 , 29–36 [in Chinese].

Li , J. J. & Cheng , H. J. 1988. Lithological and biotic characteristics of the Nanzheng Formation in the Liangshan area of Hanzhong in Shaanxi province. Geology of Shaanxi , 6 , 31–44 [in Chinese , with English abstract].

Liu , Y. R. & Fu , H. Y. 1984. Graptolites from the Wufeng Formation (Upper Ordovician) of Anhua , Hunan. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica , 23 , 642–648 [in Chinese , with English abstract].

Melchin , M. J. , Mitchell , C. E. , Holmden , C. & Štorch , P. 2013. Environmental changes in the Late Ordovician–early Silurian: review and new insights from black shales and nitrogen isotopes. Geological Society of America Bulletin , 125 , 1635–1670.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/B30812.1

Mu , E. Z. , Zhu , Z. L. , Chen , J. Y. & Rong , J. Y. 1979. The Ordovician System of Southwest China. In Carbonate Biostratigraphy of Southwest China (Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology , Chinese Academy of Sciences , ed.) , pp. 108–154. Science Press , Beijing [in Chinese].

Mu , E. Z. , Li , J. J. , Ge , M. Y. , Chen , X. , Ni , Y. N. & Lin , Y. K. 1981. Paleogeographic maps of the Late Ordovician in the Central China region and their explanation. Journal of Stratigraphy , 5 , 165–170 [in Chinese].

Mu , E. Z. , Li , J. J. , Ge , M. Y. , Chen , X. , Lin , Y. K. & Ni , Y. N. 1993. Upper Ordovician Graptolites of Central China Region. Palaeontologia Sinica , New Series B , 29. Science Press , Beijing , 393 pp. [in Chinese , with English summary].

Rong , J. Y. 1979. The Hirnantia fauna of China with the comments on the Ordovician–Silurian boundary. Acta Stratigraphica Sinica , 3 , 1–29 [in Chinese].

Rong , J. Y. 1986. Ecostratigraphy and community analysis of the Late Ordovician and Silurian in southern China. In Selected Papers of the 13th and 14th Annual Convention of the Palaeontological Society of China (Palaeontological Society of China , ed.) , pp. 1–24. Anhui Science and Technology Publishing House , Hefei [in Chinese , with English summary].

Rong , J. Y. & Chen , X. 1987. Faunal differentiation , biofacies and lithofacies pattern of Late Ordovician (Ashgillian) in South China. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica , 26 , 507–535.

Rong , J. Y. , Johnson , M. E. & Yang , X. C. 1984. Early Silurian (Llandovery) sea-level changes in the Upper Yangzi region of central and southwestern China. Acta Palae­ontologica Sinica , 23 , 672–697 [in Chinese , with English summary].

Rong , J. Y. , Chen , X. & Harper , D. A. T. 2002. The latest Ordovician Hirnantia Fauna (Brachiopoda) in time and space. Lethaia , 35 , 231–249.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00241160260288820

Rong , J. Y. , Chen , X. , Zhan , R. B. , Fan , J. X. , Wang , Y. , Zhang , Y. D. , Li , Y. , Huang , B. , Wu , R. C. & Wang , G. X. 2010. New observation on Ordovician–Silurian boundary strata of southern Tongzi County , northern Guizhou , southwest China. Journal of Stratigraphy , 34 , 337–348 [in Chinese , with English abstract].

Rong , J. Y. , Chen , X. , Wang , Y. , Zhan , R. B. , Liu , J. P. , Huang , B. , Tang , P. , Wu , R. C. & Wang , G. X. 2011. Northward expansion of Central Guizhou Oldland through the Ordovician and Silurian transition: evidence and implications. Science China Earth Sciences , 41 , 1407–1415 [in Chinese]. 

Saltzman , M. R. & Young , S. A. 2005. Long-lived glaciation in the Late Ordovician. Geology , 33 , 109–112.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G21219.1

Sheehan , P. M. 2001. The Late Ordovician mass extinction. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences , 29 , 331–364.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.earth.29.1.331

Zhan , R. B. , Liu , J. B. , Percival , I. G. , Jin , J. S. & Li , G. P. 2010. Biodiversification of Late Ordovician Hirnantia Fauna on the Upper Yangtze Platform , South China. Science China Earth Sciences , 53 , 1800–1810.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11430-010-4071-3

Zhang , T. G. , Shen , Y. A. , Zhan , R. B. , Shen , S. Z. & Chen , X. 2009. Large perturbations of the carbon and sulfur cycle associated with the Late Ordovician mass extinction in South China. Geology , 37 , 299–302.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G25477A.1

Zhang , L. N. , Fan , J. X. , Chen , Q. & Melchin , M. J. 2014. Geographic dynamics of some major graptolite taxa of the Diplograptina during the Late Ordovician mass extinction in South China. GFF , 136 , 327–332.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11035897.2014.880511

 
Back

Current Issue: Vol. 68, Issue 4, 2019




Publishing schedule:

No. 1: 20 March
No. 2: 20 June
No. 3: 20 September
No. 4: 20 December