headerpos: 9460
 
 
  Estonian Journal of Ecology

ISSN 1736-7549 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-602X (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences: Biology, Ecology
(ISSN 1406-0914)
Published since 1952
 

Estonian Journal of Ecology

ISSN 1736-7549 (electronic)   ISSN 1736-602X (print)
An international scientific journal

Formerly: Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences: Biology, Ecology
(ISSN 1406-0914)
Published since 1952
 

Publisher
Journal Information
» Abstractring/Indexing
List of Issues
» 2014
» 2013
» 2012
» 2011
Vol. 60, Issue 4
Vol. 60, Issue 3
Vol. 60, Issue 2
Vol. 60, Issue 1
» 2010
» 2009
» 2008
» 2007
» Back Issues
» Back issues (full texts)
  in Google
Publisher
» Other Journals
» Staff

Phytosociology and dynamics of calcareous grasslands in Ķemeri National Park, Latvia; pp. 284–304

(Full article in PDF format) doi: 10.3176/eco.2011.4.03


Authors

Agnese Priede

Abstract

Ecology, phytosociology, and regional characteristics of and management effects on calcareous grasslands in Ķemeri National Park (Latvia) were studied. The data set included 181 phyto­sociological relevés. According to TWINSPAN division and mean Ellenberg values the relevés were classified into four major groups at association level and classified as Sesleria caerulea-Primula veris community (alliance Bromion), Sesleria caerulea-Inula salicina community, Molinietum caeruleae community, and Carex hostiana community (alliance Molinion). Environmental factors were analysed by DCA using the mean Ellenberg values. The variances in species composition were mainly influenced by moisture, the only factor significantly differing among the phyto­sociological groups. The recent management has not directly affected the present species richness and vegetation structure at community level. Some aspects of grassland dynamics and conservation are discussed.

Keywords

Molinion caerulea, Festuco–Brometea, Bromion erecti, Ķemeri National Park, Latvia.

References

Aavik , T. , Jõgar , Ü. , Liira , J. , Tulva , I. & Zobel , M. 2008. Plant diversity in a calcareous wooded meadow – the significance of management continuity. J. Veg. Sci. , 19(4) , 475–484.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3170/2008-8-18380

Adriaens , D. , Honnay , O. & Hermy , M. 2006. No evidence of a plant extinction debt in highly fragmented calcareous grasslands in Belgium. Biol. Conserv. , 133 , 212–224.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2006.06.006

Anon. , 1995. Purple moor grass and rush pastures. UK Biodiversity Action Plan. In Biodiversity: The UK Steering Group Report. Volume II: Action Plans. Tranche , 1(2) , 253.

Blanckenhagen , B. von & Poschlod , P. 2005. Restoration of calcareous grasslands: the role of the soil seed bank and seed dispersal for recolonization process. Biotechnol. Agron. Soc. Environ. , 9(2) , 143–149.

Bobbink , R. & Willems , J. H. 1993. Restoration management of abandoned chalk grassland in the Netherlands. Biodivers. Conserv. , 2(6) , 616–626.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00051962

Brys , R. , Jacquemyn , H. & De Blust , G. 2005. Fire increases aboveground biomass , seed pro­duction and recruitment success of Molinia caerulea in dry heathland. Acta Oecol. , 28 , 299–305.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2005.05.008

Butaye , J. , Honnay , O. , Adriaens , D. , Delescaille , L.-M. & Hermy , M. 2005. Phytosociology and phytogeography of the calcareous grasslands on Devonian limestone in southwest Belgium. Belg. J. Bot. , 138(1) , 24–38.

Chytrý , M. , Hoffmann , A. & Novák , J. 2007. Suché trávínky (Festuco-Brometea) [Dry grasslands (Festuco-Brometea)]. In Vegetace České republiky. Travinná a keřičková vegetace (Chytrý , M. , ed.) , pp. 371–470. Academia , Praha (in Czech with English summary).

Dítě , D. , Hájek , M. & Hájková , P. 2007. Formal definitions of Slovakian mire plant associations and their application in regional research. Biologia , 62(4) , 400–408.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11756-007-0082-8

Ellenberg , H. , Ruprecht , D. , Volkmar , W. , Willy , W. & Dirk , P. 1992. Zeigerwerte von Pflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Scripta Geobot. , 18 , 1–258.

European Commission. 2007. Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats. EUR 27. European Commission , DG Environment.

Fatare , I. 1992. Latvijas floras komponentu izplatības analīze un tās nozīme augu sugu aizsardzības koncepcijas izstrādāšanā [The Study of Distribution of Latvian Autochtonous Floral Components and Its Importance in Developing a Conception on Plant Species Protection]. LR Vides aizsardzības komiteja , Pētījumu centrs , Rīga (in Latvian with English summary).

Gavrilova , Ģ. & Šulcs , V. 1999. Latvijas vaskulāro augu flora. Taksonu saraksts [Checklist of Latvian Vascular Plant Species]. Latvijas Akadēmiskā bibliotēka , Rīga (in Latvian).

Hájková , P. , Hájek , M. , Blažková , D. , Kučera , T. , Chytrý , M. , Řezničková , M. , Šumberová , K. , Černý , T. , Novák , J. & Simonová , D. 2007. Louky a mezofilní pastviny (Molinio-Arrhenatheretea) [Moderately humid grasslands (Molinio-Arrhenatheretea)]. In Vegetace České republiky. Travinná a keřičková vegetace (Chytrý , M. , ed.) , pp. 165–280. Academia , Praha (in Czech with English summary).

Hill , M. O. 1979. TWINSPAN – a FORTRAN program for arranging multivariate data in an ordered two way table by classification of the individual and attributes. In Section of Ecology and Systematics. Cornell University , New York.

Hurst , A. & John , E. 1999. The biotic and abiotic changes associated with Brachypodium pinnatum dominance in chalk grassland in south-east England. Biol. Conserv. , 88(1) , 75–84.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3207(98)00089-5

Janišová , M. 2007. Festuco-Brometea Br.-Bl. et Tüxen ex Soó 1947. In Travinnobylinná vegetácia Slovenska – elektronický expertný system na identifikaciu syntaxónov (Janošová , M. , ed.) , pp. 162–165. Botanický ústav SAV , Bratislava (in Slovak).

Kabucis , I. , Rūsiņa , S. & Veen , P. 2003. Grasslands of Latvia. Status and Conservation of Semi-Natural Grasslands. European grassland report No. 6. Royal Dutch Society for Nature Conservation , Latvian Fund for Nature , Riga.

Kalamees , R. & Zobel , M. 1997. The seed bank in an Estonian calcareous grassland: comparison of different successional stages. Folia Geobot. , 32(1) , 1–14.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02803879

Kalamees , R. & Zobel , M. 1998. Soil seed bank composition in different successional stages of a species rich wooded meadow in Laelatu , western Estonia. Acta Oecol. , 19(2) , 175–180.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1146-609X(98)80021-0

Löbel , S. & Dengler , J. 2008. Dry grassland communities on southern Öland: phytosociology , ecology , and diversity. Acta Phytogeogr. Suec. , 88 , 13–31.

McCune , B. & Mefford , M. J. 1999. Multivariate Analysis on the PC-ORD System. Version 4. MjM Software , Gleneden Beach , Oregon , USA.

Medene , A. 2009. Zilganās seslērijas Sesleria caerulea (L.) Ard izplatība Latvijā [Distribution
of Sesleria caerulea (L.) Ard in Latvia]. In Ģeogrāfija , Ģeoloģija , Vides zinātne. Latvijas Universitātes 67. zinātniskā konference , pp. 96–98 (in Latvian).

Molnár , Z. , Biró , M. , Bölöni , J. & Horváth , F. 2008. Distribution of the (semi-)natural habitats in Hungary I. Marshes and grasslands. Acta Bot. Hung. , 50 (Suppl.) , 59–105.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/ABot.50.2008.Suppl.5

Mucina , L. , Grabherr , G. & Ellmauer , G. 1993. Die Pflanzengesellschaften Österreichs. Teil I. Anthropogene Vegetation. G. Fischer Verlag , Jena , Stuttgart , New York.

Pärtel , M. , Kalamees , R. , Zobel , M. & Rosén , E. 1999. Alvar grasslands in Estonia: variation in species composition and community structure. J. Veg. Sci. , 10 , 561–570.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3237190

Priede , A. 2008. Rare vascular plant species in Ķemeri National Park (Latvia). In 22nd Expedition of the Baltic Botanists (Daugavpils , Latvia , 14–17 July , 2008) , Book of Abstracts , pp. 47–48.

Priede , A. 2009. Changes in natural grassland areas and grassland flora over the 20th century in Ķemeri National Park. In 5th International Conference "Research and Conservation of Biological Diversity in Baltic Region" , Book of Abstracts , 109.

Rēriha , I. & Rūsiņa , S. 2009. Zilganā seslērija Sesleria caerulea (L.) Adr. Slīteres nacionālajā parkā [Sesleria caerulea (L.) Ard in Slitere National Park]. In Ģeogrāfija , Ģeoloģija , Vides zinātne. Latvijas Universitātes 67. zinātniskā konference , pp. 116–118. Lavijas Universitāte , Rīga (in Latvian).

Řezničková , M. 2007. Molinion caeruleae Koch 1926. In Travinnobylinná vegetácia Slovenska – elektronický expertný system na identifikaciu syntaxónov (Janišová , M. , ed.) , pp. 162–165. Botanický ústav SAV , Bratislava (in Slovak).

Rodwell , J. S. , Morgan , V. , Jefferson , R. G. & Moss , D. 2007. The European Context of British Lowland Grasslands. Joint Nature Conservation Committee , Report No. 394. JNCC , Petersborough.

Rosén , E. 2006. Alvar vegetation of Öland: changes , monitoring and restoration. Biol. Environ. , 106b(2) , 387–399.

Rusina , S. 2003. Dry calcareous grassland communities (Filipendula vulgaris-Helicotrichon pratense) in western and central Latvia. Annali di Botanica nouva serie , 3 , 91–104.

Rūsiņa , S. 2007. Latvijas mezofīto un kserofīto zālāju daudzveidība un kontaktsabiedrības [Diversity and contact communities of mesophytic and xerophyitic grasslands in Latvia]. Latvijas Veģetācija , 12 , 1–366 (in Latvian with English summary).

Rūsiņa , S. 2008. Dabisko zālāju apsaimniekošana augāja daudzveidībai [Management of semi-natural grasslands for vegetation diversity]. In Aktuālā savvaļas sugu un biotopu apsaimniekošanas problemātika Latvijā (Auniņš , A. , ed.) , pp. 29–43. Latvijas Universitāte , Rīga (in Latvian).

Rūsiņa , S. 2010. 6210 Sausi zālāji kaļķainās augsnēs [6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates]. In Eiropas Savienības aizsargājamie biotopi Latvijā. Noteikšanas rokasgrāmata (Auniņš , A. , ed.) , pp. 148–151. Latvijas Dabas fonds , Rīga (in Latvian).

Rūsiņa , S. & Kabucis , I. 2010. 6410 Mitri zālāji periodiski izžūstošās augsnēs [6410 Molinia meadows on calcareous , peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils]. In Eiropas Savienības aizsargājamie biotopi Latvijā. Noteikšanas rokasgrāmata (Auniņš , A. , ed.) , pp. 160–163. Latvijas Dabas fonds , Rīga (in Latvian).

Sabardina , G. S. 1957. Grassland Vegetation of the Latvian SSR. Izd. AN Latv. SSR , Riga (in Russian with English summary).

Schubert , R. 2001. Prodromus der Pflanzen-Gesellschaften Sachsen-Anhalts. Mitteilungen zur floristischen Kartierung Sachsen-Anhalt. Botanischer Verein Sachsen-Anhalt.

Škodová , I. 2007. Cirsio-Brachypodium pinnati. In Travinnobylinná vegetácia Slovenska – elektronický expertný system na identifikaciu syntaxónov (Janišová , M. , ed.) , pp. 80–85. Botanický ústav SAV , Bratislava (in Slovak).

Weber , H. E. , Moravec , J. & Theurillat , J.-P. 2000. International code of phytosociological nomenclature. 3rd edn. J. Veg. Sci. , 11 , 739–768.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3236580

Willems , J. H. & Bik , L. P. M. 1998. Restoration of high species density in calcareous grassland: the role of seed rain and soil seed bank. Appl. Veg. Sci. , 1 , 91–100.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1479088

 
Back

Current Issue: Vol. 63, Issue 4, 2014




Publishing schedule:
No. 1: 20 March
No. 2: 20 June
No. 3: 20 September
No. 4: 20 December